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Table 1 Exploratory factor analysis Birth Preparedness Questionnaire using maximum likelihood method and promax rotation among 138 rural adults in Tanzania

From: Evaluation of a family-oriented antenatal group educational program in rural Tanzania: a pre-test/post-test study

Item# Items I II III IV V VI VII
Factor 1: Home-based value
 Q36 I plan to give birth at home. (reverse item) .839 −.026 .029 .058 −.019 −.051 .091
 Q25 I want (I want her) to give birth at home with family because we do not know people in health care facilities (reverse item) .799 .025 .040 .049 .158 −.299 −.058
 Q38 God will help me, so I don’t plan anything for childbirth. (reverse item) .755 .153 .122 .201 −.211 −.183 −.165
 Q29 A pregnant woman should stay at home to give birth if no one else takes care of the children in the family. (reverse item) .621 −.179 −.160 .030 .104 .087 .284
 Q28 A woman should give birth at home if her husband does not allow her to go to a health center. (reverse item) .593 −.095 −.295 −.067 .071 .341 −.038
 Q24 I like to give birth with traditional birth attendants because they are kinder than nurses at the hospital. (reverse item) .554 .050 .129 .434 .012 −.048 .156
 Q31 A baby belongs to the family, so woman should follow their family’s wishes about where to give birth. (reverse item) .474 −.004 −.517 −.139 .000 .152 −.131
Factor 2: Birth preparedness
 Q18 My family members think it is okay for me to access health care. .060 .754 .121 .113 −.050 .040 −.130
 Q13 I have someone who can go with me when going to a health care facility for birth −.083 .667 .021 .206 .034 .223 .155
 Q12 I have someone who can take over my family responsibilities when I need to go to a health center. −.083 .625 −.123 .028 .353 −.042 .142
 Q15 I know where to find a health care facility for delivery and emergencies. .154 .607 −.128 −.361 .100 −.183 .134
 Q14 I can identify where a trained health care provider is to help me. −.153 .574 −.205 −.330 −.173 .088 −.053
Factor 3: Family support
 Q34 I will prepare for childbirth with my family .056 −.139 .770 −.056 .280 −.107 −.078
 Q30 A woman should discuss her birth with her husband and other family members. −.081 −.047 .746 −.029 .089 .003 .158
 Q22 It is better to go to a health center for deliveries with family members because of their support. .138 .058 .507 −.411 −.314 .333 .101
 Q35 I am going to give birth at a health care facility .051 .150 .461 .155 .074 .287 −.247
Factor 4: Avoidance of medical intervention
 Q23 I would not go to a health center because I do not want a C-section or a vaginal cut. (reverse item) .180 .113 −.020 .771 −.096 −.084 −.114
 Q20 It is okay to give birth at home when a pregnant women and her baby have no problems. (reverse item) .138 −.122 −.027 .507 −.095 .277 .073
Factor 5: Provision of money and food
 Q11 I have saved enough money to reach a health facility for birth. .115 .073 .111 −.157 .791 .091 −.309
 Q32 I plan to eat healthy during my pregnancy. −.052 −.014 .267 .010 .688 .278 .076
Factor 6: Preference of SBA
 Q37 I will visit a health centre if there is a problem for my baby or me after delivery. −.171 .020 −.026 .003 .187 .815 −.165
 Q26 I want to be with doctors and nurses during childbirth because they are the experts. .108 .276 .022 .089 .281 .409 .121
Factor 7: Pregnant women’s workload
 Q21 Women should rest and should not work hard during their pregnancy. .082 .084 .215 −.413 .033 −.153 .746
 Q27 A woman should work hard for her family during pregnancy. (reverse item) −.002 .054 −.125 .245 −.290 −.074 .723
  1. Component values are captured in bold