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Table 2 Univariate log-binomial regression analyses exploring predictors of women’s preference for clinician-collection versus self-collection of genital specimens

From: Preference of specimen collection methods for human papillomavirus detection for cervical cancer screening: a cross-sectional study of high-risk women in Mombasa, Kenya

Variable Overall Number (Percent) of women who prefer self-collection N = 199 Women who prefer clinician-collection n = 136 Women who prefer self-collection n = 63 Relative Risk (95% CI) for preference of clinician versus self-collection p-value
Mean (SD) or Number (Percent) Median (IQR) or Number (Percent)
Age (years)   38.2 (9.7) 36.4 (9.1) 0.99 (0.97–1.0) 0.25
Age at first sex (years)   16.6 (2.2) 17.4 (2.4) 1.10 (1.02–1.19) 0.02
Parity
 Nulliparous 44% 9 (7%) 7 (11%) Reference  
 Ever pregnant 31% 127 (93%) 56 (89%) 0.71 (0.39–1.28) 0.26
Education
 8 years and less 27% 79 (58%) 29 (46%) Reference  
v > 8 years 37% 57 (42%) 34 (54%) 1.39 (0.92–2.10) 0.11
Marital status
 Never married 30% 55 (40%) 24 (38%) Reference  
 Ever married 33% 81 (60%) 39 (62%) 1.07 (0.70–1.63) 0.75
HIV status
 HIV-negative 35% 64 (47%) 35 (56%) Reference  
 HIV-positive 28% 72 (53%) 28 (44%) 0.79 (0.52–1.20) 0.27
Religion
 Christian   122 (90%) 54 (86%) Reference  
 Muslim   18 (9) 8 (13%) 1.45 (0.83–2.54) 0.20
 Othera   5 (3) 1 (2%) 0.65 (0.11–3.82) 0.64
  1. aTraditional African religions and no religious affiliation