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Table 3 Fertility preferences (Net Desire), child mortality and women’s BP in Ghana

From: Childhood mortality, intra-household bargaining power and fertility preferences among women in Ghana

  Child mortality risk Child mortality (Dummy) Child mortality rate
Model 1 Model 2 Model 1 Model 2 Model 1 Model 2
CM (Risk, Dummy, rate) 0.751*** 0.779*** 0.563*** 0.589*** 2.072*** 2.118***
(0.222) (0.225) (0.077) (0.080) (0.277) (0.293)
WBP (Index) −0.054*** − 0.010 − 0.063*** − 0.047** − 0.062*** − 0.056**
(0.021) (0.042) (0.021) (0.023) (0.021) (0.023)
Index*CM   −0.176   − 0.078   − 0.144
  (0.151)   (0.052)   (0.191)
Urban location 0.021 0.021 −0.015 −0.018 − 0.014 − 0.015
(0.070) (0.070) (0.072) (0.072) (0.071) (0.071)
Age −0.016** − 0.016** − 0.017*** − 0.018*** − 0.018*** − 0.018***
(0.006) (0.006) (0.007) (0.007) (0.007) (0.007)
Woman’s education
 Primary −0.016 − 0.012 − 0.003 0.003 − 0.003 − 0.001
(0.093) (0.093) (0.094) (0.094) (0.094) (0.094)
 Secondary −0.140 − 0.138 − 0.134 −0.132 − 0.134 −0.132
(0.086) (0.086) (0.086) (0.086) (0.086) (0.086)
 Higher −0.336** − 0.340** − 0.374** − 0.372** −0.371** − 0.370**
(0.155) (0.155) (0.159) (0.159) (0.160) (0.160)
Husband’s education
 Primary −0.095 − 0.090 − 0.075 − 0.073 −0.085 − 0.084
(0.107) (0.108) (0.106) (0.106) (0.106) (0.106)
 Secondary −0.079 − 0.075 − 0.054 − 0.051 − 0.067 −0.066
(0.088) (0.088) (0.088) (0.088) (0.088) (0.088)
 Higher −0.183 − 0.181 − 0.172 − 0.173 −0.192 − 0.194
(0.118) (0.118) (0.119) (0.118) (0.119) (0.119)
Household Wealth status
 Poor −0.042 − 0.038 − 0.071 − 0.066 −0.076 − 0.074
(0.088) (0.088) (0.089) (0.089) (0.088) (0.088)
 Middle −0.170* − 0.167* − 0.225** − 0.221** −0.219** − 0.218**
(0.097) (0.097) (0.098) (0.098) (0.097) (0.097)
 Rich −0.254** −0.248** − 0.309*** −0.305*** − 0.308*** −0.305***
(0.112) (0.112) (0.113) (0.113) (0.113) (0.113)
 Richest −0.019 −0.018 −0.090 − 0.085 −0.092 − 0.090
(0.132) (0.132) (0.133) (0.133) (0.132) (0.132)
Husband’s preference −0.052 − 0.057 −0.060 − 0.064 −0.055 − 0.057
(0.061) (0.061) (0.062) (0.062) (0.062) (0.062)
Number of children −0.152*** −0.152*** − 0.179*** −0.180*** − 0.167*** −0.167***
(0.015) (0.015) (0.017) (0.017) (0.017) (0.017)
NHIS coverage −0.058 −0.060 −0.051 − 0.049 −0.051 − 0.050
(0.060) (0.060) (0.061) (0.061) (0.061) (0.061)
Husband’s age 0.003 0.003 0.003 0.003 0.003 0.003
(0.005) (0.005) (0.005) (0.005) (0.005) (0.005)
Self employed −0.060 −0.058 −0.042 − 0.039 −0.045 − 0.044
(0.073) (0.074) (0.075) (0.075) (0.076) (0.076)
Polygamous husband 0.135* 0.135* 0.136* 0.133* 0.133* 0.132*
(0.079) (0.079) (0.080) (0.080) (0.080) (0.080)
Constant 2.257*** 2.246*** 2.464*** 2.452*** 2.453*** 2.447***
(0.180) (0.181) (0.171) (0.171) (0.173) (0.172)
Pseudo R2 0.078 0.078 0.083 0.084 0.086 0.086
N 3600 3600 3398 3398 3398 3398
  1. Source: Authors estimation
  2. Model 2 includes interaction term
  3. Robust standard errors in parentheses
  4. WBP Women’s Bargaining Power
  5. * p < 0.1 ** p < 0.05; *** p < 0.01