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Table 4 Fertility preferences (Extra fertility), child mortality a in Ghana

From: Childhood mortality, intra-household bargaining power and fertility preferences among women in Ghana

  Child mortality risk Child mortality (Dummy) Child mortality rate
Model 1 Model 2 Model 1 Model 2 Model 1 Model 2
CM (Risk, Dummy, rate) 1.236*** 1.231*** 0.539*** 0.547*** 1.732*** 1.802***
(0.201) (0.201) (0.065) (0.066) (0.220) (0.219)
WBP (Index) −0.073*** − 0.029 − 0.084*** − 0.068*** − 0.086*** − 0.073***
(0.018) (0.037) (0.018) (0.021) (0.018) (0.020)
Index*CM −0.176 − 0.074* − 0.235
(0.127) (0.040) (0.146)
Urban location 0.055 0.053 −0.018 − 0.022 − 0.016 −0.019
(0.066) (0.066) (0.068) (0.068) (0.068) (0.068)
Age −0.027*** − 0.027*** − 0.029*** − 0.030*** − 0.030*** −0.030***
(0.006) (0.006) (0.006) (0.006) (0.006) (0.006)
Woman’s education
 Primary −0.157** −0.154** − 0.150* − 0.150* − 0.152* − 0.154*
(0.077) (0.077) (0.079) (0.080) (0.079) (0.080)
 Secondary −0.331*** − 0.329*** − 0.328*** − 0.328*** − 0.325*** − 0.324***
(0.073) (0.073) (0.075) (0.075) (0.075) (0.076)
 Higher −0.746*** −0.749*** − 0.733*** − 0.731*** − 0.730*** − 0.726***
(0.150) (0.150) (0.157) (0.158) (0.158) (0.158)
Husband’s education
 Primary − 0.165* − 0.160* − 0.204** − 0.201** − 0.212** − 0.210**
(0.088) (0.088) (0.090) (0.090) (0.090) (0.090)
 Secondary −0.441*** − 0.437*** − 0.432*** − 0.429*** − 0.446*** − 0.444***
(0.076) (0.076) (0.078) (0.078) (0.078) (0.078)
 Higher −0.470*** − 0.468*** − 0.444*** − 0.445*** − 0.467*** −0.468***
(0.109) (0.109) (0.113) (0.113) (0.114) (0.114)
Household Wealth status
 Poor −0.129* −0.124 −0.197** − 0.191** − 0.195** − 0.191**
(0.076) (0.076) (0.077) (0.078) (0.077) (0.077)
 Middle −0.115 − 0.112 − 0.210** −0.205** − 0.206** −0.202**
(0.086) (0.086) (0.088) (0.088) (0.088) (0.089)
 Rich −0.337*** −0.331*** − 0.446*** −0.443*** − 0.446*** −0.444***
(0.102) (0.103) (0.105) (0.105) (0.105) (0.105)
 Richest −0.345*** −0.341*** − 0.434*** −0.427*** − 0.441*** −0.437***
(0.116) (0.116) (0.119) (0.119) (0.120) (0.120)
 Husband’s preference −0.088 −0.094* − 0.079 −0.085 − 0.077 −0.082
(0.056) (0.056) (0.057) (0.057) (0.057) (0.057)
 Number of children −0.211*** −0.211*** − 0.268*** −0.270*** − 0.248*** −0.251***
(0.017) (0.017) (0.019) (0.019) (0.019) (0.019)
 NHIS coverage 0.132** 0.129** 0.110** 0.109** 0.114** 0.113**
(0.054) (0.054) (0.056) (0.056) (0.056) (0.056)
 Husband’s age −0.007* −0.007* −0.006 −0.006 − 0.006 −0.006
(0.004) (0.004) (0.004) (0.004) (0.004) (0.004)
 Self employed 0.137** 0.139** 0.127* 0.131** 0.121* 0.125*
(0.063) (0.063) (0.066) (0.066) (0.066) (0.066)
 Polygamous husband 0.077 0.077 0.084 0.085 0.084 0.085
(0.069) (0.069) (0.071) (0.071) (0.071) (0.071)
 Constant 2.054*** 2.054*** 2.624*** 2.620*** 2.609*** 2.606***
(0.168) (0.168) (0.163) (0.163) (0.163) (0.163)
Pseudo R2 0.187 0.187 0.199 0.199 0.204 0.205
N 3255 3255 3072 3072 3072 3072
  1. Source: Authors estimation
  2. Model 2 includes interaction term
  3. Robust standard errors in parentheses
  4. WBP Women’s Bargaining Power
  5. * p < 0.1 ** p < 0.05; *** p < 0.01