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Table 3 Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression to assess relationship between counseling and contraceptive use during round 2 of survey (N = 1398)

From: Family planning counseling and its associations with modern contraceptive use, initiation, and continuation in rural Uttar Pradesh, India

  Unadjusted OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI)
FP counseling experience (during 2 years between the surveys)
 No counselling REF REF
 Lower quality counseling 2.11 (1.40–3.18) *** 2.42 (1.56–3.76) ***
 Higher quality counseling 4.07 (1.79–9.26) *** 4.14 (1.72–9.99) ***
Reproductive history
 Age at first birth (continuous) 0.99 (0.98–1.004) 0.99 (0.98–1.00)
 Birth parity (continuous) 0.92 (0.84–1.006) * 0.93 (0.82–1.03)
 Any living son
  No REF REF
  Yes 0.95 (0.57–1.55) 1.19 (0.62–1.83)
Socio-demographics
 Age at marriage (continuous) 1.04 (0.94–1.16) 1.02 (0.90–1.16)
 Age of woman (continuous) 0.99 (0.96–1.01) 1.00 (0.97–1.02)
 Caste
  SC/ST REF REF
  OBC 0.99 (0.64–1.55) 0.99 (0.65–1.49)
  General 1.56 (0.98–2.47) * 1.21 (0.75–1.95)
 Religion
  Hindu/Others REF REF
  Muslim 0.62 (0.37–1.01) * 0.64 (0.38–1.07) *
 Wealth index (continuous) 1.01 (1.003–1.02) ** 1.01 (1.001–1.02) **
 Literacy
  Illiterate REF REF
  Literate 1.46 (0.96–2.24) * 1.11 (0.71–1.72)
 Husband’s education
  Not completed primary education REF REF
  Completed primary education 1.13 (0.75–1.69) 0.72 (0.49–1.05) *
  1. *p < 0.10 ** p < 0.05 ***p < 0.01