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Table 4 Multinomial logistic regression models to assess association between counseling and contraceptive use behavior [Reference category for multinomial regression: Consistent non-use of modern contraceptives] (N:1398)

From: Family planning counseling and its associations with modern contraceptive use, initiation, and continuation in rural Uttar Pradesh, India

  Continued users AOR (95% CI) New users AOR (95% CI) Discontinued users AOR (95% CI)
FP counseling experience (during 2 years between the surveys)
 No counseling REF REF REF
 Lower quality counseling 2.22 (1.08–4.52) ** 2.94 (1.78–4.15) *** 1.35 (0.68–2.71)
 Higher quality counseling 5.93 (1.97–17.83) *** 4.22 (1.44–12.35) *** 2.25 (0.61–8.20)
Reproductive history
 Age at first birth (continuous) 1.00(0.97–1.02) 1.00 (0.98–1.01) 1.01 (0.98–1.03)
 Birth parity (continuous) 0.91 (0.78–1.06) 0.95 (0.82–1.08) 0.98 (0.84–1.14)
 Any living son
  No REF REF REF
  Yes 2.05 (0.91–4.58) * 0.81 (0.39–1.66) 1.38 (0.60–3.18)
Socio-demographics
 Age at marriage (continuous) 1.05 (0.88–1.25) 0.97 (0.84–1.12) 0.93 (0.73–1.17)
 Age of woman (continuous) 0.99 (0.96–1.02) 1.02 (0.98–1.05) 1.103 (0.98–1.07)
 Caste    
  SC/ST REF REF REF
  OBC 1.08 (0.52–2.26) 0.72 (0.44–1.18) 0.47 (0.25–0.87) **
  General 1.78 (0.77–4.08) 1.03 (0.56–1.90) 0.90 (0.40–1.98)
 Religion
  Hindu/Others REF REF REF
  Muslim 0.85 (0.41–1.74) 0.58 (0.29–1.19) 0.77 (0.38–1.54)
 Wealth index (continuous) 1.01 (0.99–1.03) 1.01 (0.99–1.02) 1.00 (0.98–1.01)
 Literacy
  Illiterate REF REF REF
  Literate 1.18 (0.66–2.08) 1.15 (0.66–1.97) 1.62 (0.94–2.78)
 Husband’s education
  Not completed primary education REF REF REF
  Completed primary education 1.16 (0.62–2.15) 0.64 (0.38–1.08) * 1.34 (0.72–2.49)
  1. *p < 0.10 ** p < 0.05 ***p < 0.01