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Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics of study participants included in Gondar town, Ethiopia, 2018

From: Causal mechanisms of postnatal depression among women in Gondar town, Ethiopia: application of a stress-process model with generalized structural equation modeling

Variable/categoryPostnatal depressionTotal
(n = 895), n (%)
p-value
Yes
(n = 83), n (%)
No
(n = 772), n (%)
Women’s age at enrolment   0.495
 18–2423 (27.7)259 (31.9)282 (31.5) 
 25–3452 (62.7)499 (61.5)551 (61.6) 
  > =358 (9.6)54 (6.6)62 (6.9) 
 Mean (±SD)26.7 (0.53)26.5 (0.15)26.5 (0.15) 
Household monthly income   0.080
 Low50 (60.2)387 (47.7)437 (48.8) 
 Medium27 (32.5)338 (41.6)365 (40.8) 
 High6 (7.3)87 (10.7)93 (10.4) 
Mean(±SD)2920.5 (238.6)3576.9 (107.0)3516 (99.7) 
Women’s education   0.015
 None10 (12.0)104 (12.8)114 (12.7) 
 Primary33 (39.8)194 (23.9)227 (25.4) 
 High school26 (31.3)313 (38.5)339 (37.9) 
 Tertiary14 (16.9)201 (24.8)215 (24.0) 
Women’ occupation   0.224
 Home duties62 (74.7)577 (71.1)639 (71.4) 
 Government employee8 (9.6)134 (16.5)142 (15.9) 
 Self-employee13 (15.7)101 (12.4)114 (12.7) 
Women’s religion   0.761
  Orthodox Christian68 (81.9)654 (80.5)722 (80.7) 
 Muslim15 (18.1)158 (19.5)173 (19.3) 
Women’s marital status   0.250
 Single3 (3.6)16 (2.0)19 (2.1) 
 Partnered77 (92.8)783 (96.4)860 (96.1) 
 Separated3 (3.6)13 (1.6)16 (1.8) 
Difficulty accessing food in the last three months 0.360
 Yes5 (6.0)32 (3.9)37 (4.1) 
 No78 (94.0)780 (96.1)858 (95.9) 
  1. Note: p-value was based on chi-square test statistics