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Table 3 Psycho-social characteristics of study participants included in Gondar town, Ethiopia, 2018

From: Causal mechanisms of postnatal depression among women in Gondar town, Ethiopia: application of a stress-process model with generalized structural equation modeling

Variable/categoryPostnatal depressionTotal
n = 895, n (%)
p-value
Yes
(n = 163), n (%)
No
(n = 732), n (%)
Marital situation (Women’s perspective) 0.001
 Poor12 (15.1)64 (8.0)76 (8.7) 
 Good61 (76.2)527 (66.2)588 (67.1) 
 Very good7 (8.7)205 (25.8)212 (24.2) 
History of common mental disorders   < 0.001
 Yes14 (16.9)48 (5.9)62 (6.9) 
 No69 (83.1)764 (94.1)833 (93.1) 
Social support   0.30
 Poor13 (15.7)166 (20.4)179 (20.0) 
 Good70 (84.3)646 (79.6)716 (80.0) 
 Social support scale (Median (±IQR))11 (9–13)11 (9–13)11 (9–13) 
 Internal consistency (α)0.76 (high reliability)  
Partner support   0.02
 Always29 (36.3)384 (48.2)413 (47.1) 
 Most of the time22 (27.5)238 (29.9)260 (29.7) 
 Some of the time25 (31.2)139 (17.5)164 (18.7) 
 Rarely4 (5.0)35 (4.4)39 (4.5) 
A symptom of antenatal depression  < 0.001
 Yes18 (21.7)40 (4.9)58 
 No65 (78.3)772 (95.1)837 
Depression scale (Median (±IQR))6 (3–11)4 (1–7)4 (2–7) 
 Internal consistency (α)0.74 (High reliability)  
  1. Note: p-value was based on chi-square test statistics