Skip to main content

Table 1 Included studies

From: Psychosocial interventions targeting mental health in pregnant adolescents and adolescent parents: a systematic review

Author and year Country Program Intent Study Design Total sample (N) Age (mean, SD) Females (%) Males (%) Study population description Outcomes reported
Positive mental health Mental health disorders Substance use Risky sexual and reproductive health behaviors School attendance Adherence to ante-natal and post-natal care Parenting skills
Aracena et al. (2009) [62] Chile Prevent depression; promote family functioning RCT 90 17.21, 1.38 100% n/a Young women pregnant for the first time, living in an extremely poor neighborhood of Santiago   X      X
Barlow et al. (2013); Barlow et al. (2015) [51] [52] U.S.A. Prevent depression, stress, and substance use; promote parenting knowledge RCT 322 18.12, 1.47 100% n/a Pregnant (= < 32 weeks gestation) American Indian adolescents residing in one of four participating reservation communities   X X     X
Barnet et al. (2002) [33] U.S.A. Prevent depression, anxiety, and stress RCT 232 16.0, n/s 100% n/a Pregnant or recently delivered (< 6 m) attending an alternative school specifically for childbearing adolescents; predominantly low-income and African-American   X      X
Barnet et al. (2007) [49] U.S.A. Prevent depression and repeat pregnancy; promote parenting behaviors, contraceptive use, and school enrolment RCT 84 16.9, 1.4 100% n/a Pregnant adolescents, predominantly low-income African American; fathers of infants were invited with mother’s consent   X   X X X X
Felder et al. (2017) [55] U.S.A. Prevent depression cRCT 1233 18.64, n/s 100% n/a Pregnant adolescents < 24 weeks gestation   X      
Florsheim et al. (2012) [47] U.S.A. Promote parenting behaviors, relationship quality, and positive interactions RCT 210 (105 couples) 16.5 (mothers); 18.5 (fathers) 50% 50% Pregnant adolescents < 26 weeks gestation and their co-parenting partners (biological fathers of children) X       X
Ginsburg et al. (2012) [46] U.S.A. Prevent depression; promote social support RCT 47 18.15, n/s 100% n/a Pregnant adolescent Apache American Indian women < 28 weeks gestation; CES-D score of 16 or higher at baseline X X      
Harris & Franklin (2003) [57] U.S.A. Promote problem solving and school attendance RCT 86 17.93, n/s 100% n/a Adolescent women who were pregnant (<8th month) or currently parenting one or more children of whom they had custody X     X   
Koniak-Griffin et al. (2002) [50] U.S.A. Promote self-efficacy RCT 102 16.78, 1.12 100% n/a Underserved first-time pregnant mothers X       
Kumar et al. (2016) [60] Canada Prevent depression RCT 30 17.4, 1.2 100% n/a Mother-child dyads   X      
Logsdon et al. (2005) [53] U.S.A. Prevent depression; promote social support and self-esteem Factorial RCT 109 16.0, 1.3 100% n/a Pregnant and parenting adolescents X X      
Mazza (2002) [48] U.S.A. Promote relationships and birth control RCT 60 16–18 n/a 100% First-time fathers, African-American, between 16 and 18 X      X  
McDonell et al. (2007) [58] U.S.A. Prevent substance use and risk for STD; promote self-efficacy, social support, and problem solving RCT 197 17.5, n/s n/s n/s Low-income pregnant and parenting teens X   X X    
Phipps et al. (2013) [59] U.S.A. Prevent depression RCT 106 16.0, n/s 100% n/a Pregnant and parenting adolescents who conceived first pregnancy at 17 or younger   X      
Samankasikorn et al. (2016) [56] U.S.A. Prevent depression and stress; promote self-esteem and social support RCT 150 17.31, n/s 100% n/a Pregnant teens X X      X
Stirtzinger et al. (2002) [61] Canada Prevent depression; promote parental efficacy and perceived control RCT 20 17.0, n/s 100% n/a Adolescents who were pregnant or parenting young children; only including those with a score of 16 or above on Beck’s Depression Inventory (akin to clinically depressed but no other diagnostic tool used)   X      X
Walkup et al. (2009) [54] U.S.A. Prevent depression, stress, and substance use; promote parenting knowledge, maternal involvement and social support RCT 167 12–22 100% n/a Expectant American Indian adolescents at 28 weeks gestation or less X X X     X
  1. RCT Randomized controlled trial; cRCT Cluster randomized controlled trial; n/a Not applicable; n/s Not specified