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Table 5 Unadjusted associations of socio-cultural practices while menstruating with ethnicity, education, marital status and family type

From: Perception and practices of menstruation restrictions among urban adolescent girls and women in Nepal: a cross-sectional survey

 Attends school or usual work
OR (95% CI)
Eats with family
OR (95% CI)
Cooks food
OR (95% CI)
Purifies bed
OR (95% CI)
Enters places of worship
OR (95% CI)
Prays
OR (95% CI)
Ethnicity
 BrahminReferenceReferenceReferenceReferenceReferenceReference
 Chettri0.97 (0.63–1.49)1.25 (0.90–1.75)1.34 (0.94–1.89)0.79 (0.55–1.15)1.02 (0.55–1.88)1.36 (0.84–2.21)
 Janajati0.75 (0.53–1.08)3.91 (2.88–5.30)4.47 (3.31–6.05)0.59 (0.43–0.81)1.74 (1.06–2.86)1.79 (1.18–2.71)
 Other0.71 (0.41–1.23)2.99 (1.80–4.98)3.84 (2.39–6.18)0.43 (0.27–0.68)1.38 (0.64–2.98)1.53 (0.82–2.87)
Marital Status
 Ever MarriedReferenceReferenceReferenceReferenceReferenceReference
 Never Married2.08 (1.59–2.71)0.81 (0.64–1.03)0.75 (0.61–0.94)0.52 (0.41–0.66)2.07 (1.40–3.05)1.85 (1.36–2.52)
Highest Education
  < High SchoolReferenceReferenceReferenceReferenceReferenceReference
 HS/ trade/ vocational degree1.81 (1.33–2.46)1.02 (0.77–1.34)0.88 (0.68–1.14)0.81 (0.62–1.06)1.57 (1.03–2.39)1.51 (1.05–2.16)
 Bachelors2.13 (1.49–3.06)0.83 (0.61–1.12)0.67 (0.50–0.89)0.84 (0.62–1.14)1.26 (0.78–2.03)1.65 (1.12–2.43)
 Masters2.36 (1.21–4.60)0.75 (0.45–1.25)0.57 (0.35–0.93)0.93 (0.55–1.55)1.45 (0.68–3.12)2.83 (1.61–4.96)
Family Type
 NuclearReferenceReferenceReferenceReferenceReferenceReference
 Joint0.51 (0.39–0.67)0.65 (0.51–0.83)0.75 (0.60–0.94)0.98 (0.77–1.24)0.88 (0.60–1.29)0.76 (0.56–1.05)
  1. Notes: OR (95% CI) Odds Ratio (95% Confidence Interval); Bold: p-value < 0.05