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Table 1 Sample characteristics, knowledge and perceptions about FGM/C among medical and non-medical university students (n = 502)

From: Determinants of disagreement with female genital mutilation/cutting of future daughters and awareness of the ban among Egyptian university students

 Totala Non-medical Medical χ2p-valuec
N = 502%N = 291%N = 211%  
Gender, male27054.016456.610650.51.8100.203
Residence, rural29258.216757.412559.20.1730.714
Mother’s education
 Secondary complete/higher23647.112643.411052.15.3270.070
 Primary complete/some secondary20140.112041.48138.4
 No education/some primary6412.84415.2209.5
Father’s education
 Secondary complete/higher26553.214650.511956.95.4850.064
 Primary complete/some secondary20942.012442.98540.7
 No education/some primary244.8196.652.4
Knows about FGM/C, yes44088.724786.719391.52.7920.114
Aware of any legislation that bans FGM/C, yes20446.711145.19348.70.550.499
Source of knowledge about FGM/C
 Family14032.09137.04925.58.7140.033
 Educational curricula/health education16237.08936.27338.0
 Mass media9020.54116.74925.5
 Other4610.52510.22110.9
Purpose of conducting FGM/Cb
 Traditions37267.920064.517272.37.4680.058
 Religious9517.35216.84318.1
 Medical224.0154.872.9
 Other5910.84313.9166.7
Disagree with perception items:
 Acceptance of the FGM/C practice28056.215152.612961.13.5900.068
 Females should be circumcised before marriage29659.315854.713865.76.1460.016
 FGM/C should be banned from media discussions33767.818865.514971.01.6480.208
 The television is unimportant in preventing FGM/C32465.118463.914066.70.4120.568
 FGM/C has religious basis19839.710636.69244.02.8300.096
 Females are indecent until they are circumcised36172.320269.715976.12.5030.128
 Circumcised females are happier in their marital lives28056.214851.013263.57.6000.006
 Females cannot please their husbands if uncircumcised31563.317159.014469.25.4910.024
 FMG/C enhances females’ personal hygiene27655.415754.111957.20.4630.523
 FMG/C preserves females’ virginity28356.815754.112660.62.0470.169
 Circumcised females are more respected by  community33867.719266.214669.90.7400.438
 My future daughters should be circumcised29659.316356.213363.32.7780.098
  1. FGM/C Female genital mutilation/cutting
  2. a Some variables had missing values
  3. b More than one answer option was allowed
  4. c Chi-squared test