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Table 5 Odds ratios from logistic regression showing factors associated with ANC visit (4 + ANC visits) and SBA among young women aged 15–24, Nepal DHS 2016

From: Factors influencing the use of reproductive health services among young women in Nepal: analysis of the 2016 Nepal demographic and health survey

  4+ ANC Visit Skilled birth attendant
Background variable Odds ratios 95% CI Odds ratio 95% CI
Education
 No education 1.00   1.00  
 Primary 1.25 0.85–1.83 1.14 0.77–1.68
 Secondary 1.93*** 1.31–2.84 1.59* 1.03–2.44
 SLC & above 2.91*** 1.79–4.76 1.35 0.84–2.16
Working status
 Not working 1.00    
 Working 1.90*** 1.43–2.53   
Caste/ethnicity
 Dalit 1.00   1.00  
 Brahman/Chhetri 1.29 0.81–2.07 1.22 0.77–1.93
 Terai caste 0.78 0.45–1.36 0.76 0.45–1.28
 Janajati 0.83 0.53–1.31 1.04 0.73–1.48
 Muslim 0.69 0.37–1.29 1.18 0.59–2.37
Wealth quintile
 Poorest 1.00   1.00  
 Poorer 1.30 0.88–1.91 1.69** 1.19–2.40
 Middle 1.85* 1.16–2.97 4.46*** 2.70–7.38
 Richer 2.55*** 1.54–4.21 4.01*** 2.56–6.27
 Richest 2.12* 1.14–3.93 9.16*** 4.47–18.76
Birth order
 1 1.00   1.00  
 2 0.64** 0.46–0.88 0.49*** 0.35–0.67
 3+ 0.70 0.45–1.08 0.35*** 0.21–0.58
Fertility preference
 Wants no more children 1.00   1.00  
 Wants more children 1.65*** 1.25–2.18 0.86 0.65–1.12
 Undecided 1.89 0.92–3.89 1.01 0.50–2.07
Women’s participation in decision-making
 Not participate 1.00   1.00  
 Participate one or more decisions 1.12 0.87–1.44 1.16 0.89–1.52
Exposure to media (at least once a week)
 Not exposed 1.00   1.00  
 Exposed 1.48* 1.09–2.02 1.21 0.90–1.63
ANC visits     
 Less than four visits    1.00  
 Four or more visits    2.59*** 1.95–3.43
  1. Note: *** p < 0.001, ** p < 0.01, * p < 0.05