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Table 2 The Thematic Analysis

From: The experience of women infected by the COVID-19 during pregnancy in Brazil: a qualitative study protocol

Phases of the Thematic Analysis Description Means of stablishing trustworthiness
Phase 1: Phase in which the researchers are familiarized with the depth and breadth of the available data (interviews transcripts and field diary). The process of creating initial ideas about the data begins. - Prolonged involvement with the data
Familiarizing yourself with data - Triangulation of different types of qualitative data
- Documentation of reflective and theoretical thoughts
- Documentation of potential codes and themes
- Storage of raw data in organized files
- Keep records of field diaries, transcripts, and scientific articles
Phase 2: Production of initial codes, a theorizing activity that requires researchers to revisit the data constantly. The codes will index important sections of the text, using software such as NVivo. - Peer debriefing
Generating initial codes - Reflective diary on data analysis
- Structuring the coding process
- Review of produced codes
- Documentation of all meetings with researchers
Phase 3: Production of themes that will unite the codes, bringing meaning and identity to the data according to the research question. - Discussion or triangulation with researchers
Searching for themes - Layout to give meaning to the text (use of maps, flowcharts, etc.)
- Keep detailed notes on the development of hierarchical themes and concepts
Phase 4: Refining the themes to check if there is a coherent standardization, according to the entire data. It is possible to return to the raw data and produce new codes that were not covered in the previous phases. - Discussion or triangulation with researchers
Reviewing themes - Approval of themes and sub-themes by team researchers
- Referential suitability test through the return to raw data
Phase 5: The researchers determine which aspect of the data each theme captures and identify what is interesting about it and why. - Discussion or triangulation with researchers
Defining and naming themes - Team consensus on topics
- Documentation of team meetings on the topics
- Documentation of the theme naming process
Phase 6: When the themes are already defined, it is possible to complete the final analysis. Provide a concise, coherent, logical, non-repetitive, and interesting description of the data within and between themes - Discussion with researchers
Producing the report - Describe the coding and analysis process in sufficient detail
- Detailed context descriptions
- Description of the audit process
- Report on the reasons for the theoretical, methodological and analytical choices throughout the study