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Table 1 Socioeconomic characteristics, health and school services, sexual and risk behavior, and self-reported general health among sexually initiated adolescents interviewed by PENSE, Brazil (n = 28,157)

From: Associated factors and sex differences in condom non-use among adolescents: Brazilian National School Health Survey (PeNSE)

Variables Total
%
Male (n = 17,991)
%
Female (n = 10,166)
%
Socioeconomic
 Municipality
  Not capital 51.1 51.3 50.8
  Capital 48.9 48.7 49.2
 School
  Public 88.3 86.9 90.8
  Private 11.7 13.1 9.2
 Age
  13 years 6.7 7 6.2
  14 years 38.4 38.1 38.7
  15 years 30.6 30.1 31.4
  16 years 15.8 16.2 15.1
  17 years 6.7 6.8 6.4
  18 years 1.9 1.8 2.2
 Mother’s Level of Education
  No school 9.2 8.4 10.7
  Primary Education 35.5 33.1 39.5
  High School 31.2 31.5 30.7
  Undergraduate coursework 24.1 27 19
School and health service
 In the last 12 months, have you had access to a health service or approached a health professional for health-related care?
  Yes 55.5 52.7 60.5
  No 44.5 47.3 39.5
 At school, have you received pregnancy prevention counseling?
  Yes 80.3 81.2 78.8
  No 19.7 18.8 21.2
 At school, have you received counseling about AIDS or other STIs?  
  Yes 88.2 88.2 88.1
  No 11.8 11.8 11.9
Sexual behavior
 Age of first sexual intercourse
   ≤ 12 years 26.2 33.8 12.6
  13 to 14 years 55.1 50.6 62.9
   ≥ 15 years 18.7 15.4 24.5
 Number of sexual partners
  1 36 26.5 52.9
  2 to 3 32.3 34 29.4
  4 or more 31.6 39.5 17.7
Additional contraception method use
  No 57.3 59.8 53.5
  Yes, hormonal contraception methoda 29.6 25.3 36.2
  Yes, non-hormonal contraception methodb 13.1 15 10.3
Risk behaviors
 Smoked at least once
  No 60.5 62.9 56.4
  Yes 39.5 37.1 43.6
 During the last 30 days, how many days did you smoke?c
  None 65.5 66.1 64.5
  1 to 2 days 16.9 15.8 18.4
  3 to 9 days 8.6 8.4 8.8
  10 or more days 9.1 9.6 8.3
 Drank alcohol at least once
  No 22.7 26 17
  Yes 77.3 74 83
 During the last 30 days, how many days did you drink?c
  None 47.3 49.3 44.2
  1 to 2 days 27.5 26.4 29.2
  3 to 9 days 16.5 15.9 17.6
  10 or more days 8.7 8.5 9
 In your life, how many times did you drink until you got drunk?c
  None 46.5 48.5 43.2
  1 to 2 days 31.3 29.1 34.8
  3 to 9 days 14.5 14.1 15.1
  10 or more days 7.7 8.3 6.8
 Used drugs at least once (marijuana, cocaine, crack)   
  No 78.3 79.8 75.8
  Yes 21.7 20.2 24.2
 During the last 30 days, how many days did you use drugs?c
  None 50.6 49.8 51.9
  1 to 2 days 23.2 22.3 24.6
  3 to 9 days 14.5 14.8 14
  10 or more days 11.6 13.1 9.5
Self-reported general health
 Feel alone
  Never 34.2 43.1 18.6
  Rarely 20.1 21.4 17.9
  Sometimes 27.6 24.2 33.7
  Most of the time or always 18 11.4 29.8
 Body weight perception
  Very thin 5.5 5.1 6.3
  Thin 19.5 21 16.9
  Normal 58.7 61.3 54
  Fat 14.1 11.1 19.3
  Very fat 2.2 1.5 3.5
 Feelings about the body
  Very satisfied 34.2 37.7 28.1
  Satisfied 40 41.2 38
  Indifferent 9.5 9.4 9.8
  Unsatisfied 11.9 8.4 18.1
  Very unsatisfied 4.3 3.3 6.1
 Self-reported state of health
  Very good 38.6 44.6 28.1
  Good 29.4 29.1 30
  Regular 21.5 17 29.5
  Poor 5.2 4 7.2
  Very poor 5.3 5.3 5.2
  1. PeNSE Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde do Escolar (National School Health Survey); AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome; STI Sexually Transmitted Infections
  2. a Hormonal contraception method: contraceptive pill, injection or patch, hormonal intrauterine device
  3. bNon-hormonal contraception method: intrauterine device, diaphragm, or other
  4. c Only asked of those to whom it was relevant