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Table 1 Overall pregnancy outcomes by site, 2010–2018, all clustersa

From: Maternal mortality in six low and lower-middle income countries from 2010 to 2018: risk factors and trends

Characteristic Overall, all sites Democratic Republic of Congo Guatemala Belagavi Nagpur Kenya Pakistan Zambia
Pregnancies, n 571,321 31,896 83,320 135,384 87,395 73,904 96,760 62,662
Miscarriages, n 19,080 244 694 8280 3322 210 5877 453
Medical Termination of Pregnancy, n 7789 83 1 4362 1993 33 1303 14
Unknown birth outcomes, n 225 30 10 37 38 23 71 16
Stillbirths, n 14,432 1239 1522 3002 1775 1554 4164 1176
Live births, n 535,159 30,870 81,672 120,629 80,917 72,973 86,458 61,640
Maternal deaths, n 842 98 79 149 89 78 283 66
Total MMR(95% CI)b 157 (147, 167) 317 (257, 378) 97 (76, 118) 124 (106, 141) 110 (89, 131) 107 (83, 130) 327 (293, 361) 107 (82, 132)
  1. a Maternal Newborn Health Registry 2010–2018 deliveries, excluding women lost to follow-up prior to delivery or missing maternal status at 42 days
  2. b Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) is maternal deaths per 100,000 live births. The 95% confidence interval for the MMR is approximated using the variance of the proportion of maternal deaths for each site and year