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Table 5 Cause of maternal death by site, all clusters

From: Maternal mortality in six low and lower-middle income countries from 2010 to 2018: risk factors and trends

Characteristic Overall DRC Guatemala Belagavi Nagpur Kenya Pakistan Zambia
Maternal deathsa, n 842 98 79 149 89 78 283 66
Maternal cause of death data availableb, n (%) 436 (51.8) 97 (99.0) 46 (58.2) 50 (33.6) 43 (48.3) 35 (44.9) 139 (49.1) 26 (39.4)
Maternal cause of death, n (%) 436 97 46 50 43 35 139 26
 Trauma 22 (5.0) 4 (4.1) 2 (4.3) 4 (8.0) 2 (4.7) 5 (14.3) 3 (2.2) 2 (7.7)
 Abortion related 21 (4.8) 6 (6.2) 1 (2.2) 1 (2.0) 2 (4.7) 6 (17.1) 4 (2.9) 1 (3.8)
 Preeclampsia/ Eclampsia 69 (15.8) 10 (10.3) 16 (34.8) 8 (16.0) 5 (11.6) 10 (28.6) 15 (10.8) 5 (19.2)
 Hemorrhage 144 (33.0) 41 (42.3) 14 (30.4) 16 (32.0) 13 (30.2) 8 (22.9) 44 (31.7) 8 (30.8)
 Infection 136 (31.2) 18 (18.6) 13 (28.3) 20 (40.0) 13 (30.2) 2 (5.7) 63 (45.3) 7 (26.9)
 Medical condition coincident to pregnancy 23 (5.3) 9 (9.3) 0 (0.0) 1 (2.0) 4 (9.3) 1 (2.9) 6 (4.3) 2 (7.7)
 Unknown 21 (4.8) 9 (9.3) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 4 (9.3) 3 (8.6) 4 (2.9) 1 (3.8)
  1. a Maternal Newborn Health Registry (MNHR) 2010–2018 deliveries, excluding women lost to follow up prior to delivery or missing maternal status at 42 days
  2. b Maternal cause of death data collected from late 2013 to 2018. Cause of death determined by a standardized, heirarchical algorithm [16] in which one cause of death is identified, therefore, categories are mutually exclusive