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Table 2 Factors associated with the number of reported quality indicators by women who attended antenatal clinic at intervention and control hospitals in Nigeria between October 2017 and June 2019

From: Outcome of multifaceted interventions for improving the quality of antenatal care in Nigerian referral hospitals

Category Sum of all QIs Sum of maternal and fetal management QIs Sum of disease testing and management QIs Sum of counseling and information sharing QIs
Odds Ratio 95% CI P-value Odds Ratio 95% CI P-value Odds Ratio 95% CI P-value Odds Ratio 95% CI P-value
Intervention vs control 1.11 1.06 1.17 <.0001 0.83 0.77 0.90 <.0001 1.11 1.00 1.23 0.051 1.32 1.23 1.41 <.0001
Number of attending 1.05 1.04 1.07 <.0001 1.05 1.02 1.08 0.001 0.98 0.95 1.02 0.415 1.10 1.07 1.13 <.0001
First pregnancy (Yes) 1.03 0.97 1.09 0.299 0.99 0.91 1.08 0.876 1.01 0.90 1.13 0.900 1.06 0.98 1.15 0.116
First visit to facility (Yes) 1.14 1.07 1.20 <.0001 1.36 1.24 1.49 <.0001 1.25 1.10 1.41 0.0004 0.91 0.83 0.99 0.031
Number of visits to facility 1.02 1.00 1.03 0.021 1.00 0.98 1.02 0.877 1.01 0.98 1.04 0.6325 1.03 1.01 1.04 0.008
Age group (Ref = 36+)
 15–20 0.96 0.85 1.08 0.477 1.05 0.87 1.27 0.599 1.07 0.83 1.37 0.604 0.86 0.72 1.03 0.096
 21–25 1.00 0.92 1.09 0.923 1.04 0.9 1.19 0.601 1.02 0.85 1.23 0.802 0.99 0.87 1.11 0.825
 26–30 1.02 0.95 1.09 0.652 1.03 0.91 1.15 0.676 1.01 0.87 1.18 0.902 1.03 0.93 1.14 0.629
 31–35 0.98 0.92 1.06 0.675 1.03 0.91 1.16 0.640 1.02 0.87 1.19 0.841 0.95 0.86 1.06 0.362
Education level (Ref = College+)
 No Education 0.82 0.74 0.92 0.001 1.04 0.88 1.23 0.68 1.00 0.80 1.25 1.00 0.65 0.55 0.78 <.0001
 Primary 1.00 0.94 1.08 0.91 0.99 0.88 1.11 0.87 1.07 0.92 1.25 0.38 0.98 0.89 1.09 0.726
 Secondary 0.98 0.93 1.02 0.336 0.99 0.92 1.07 0.858 1.01 0.91 1.12 0.807 0.95 0.89 1.02 0.129
Religion (Ref-Islam)
 Catholic 1.06 0.98 1.14 0.122 0.88 0.78 0.99 0.032 1.14 0.97 1.34 0.117 1.13 1.02 1.26 0.020
 Other Christian denominations 1.01 0.96 1.07 0.681 0.88 0.80 0.96 0.005 1.10 0.97 1.25 0.132 1.06 0.97 1.15 0.175