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Table 2 Maternal characteristics for infants born alive and ≥ 2500, by Global Network region, 2010–2018

From: Neonatal deaths in infants born weighing ≥ 2500 g in low and middle-income countries

  Africa South Asia Central America
Zambia/Kenya DRC India Pakistan Guatemala
Newborn deaths by 28th day Newborns survived by 28th day Newborn deaths by 28th day Newborns survived by 28th day Newborn deaths by 28th day Newborns survived by 28th day Newborn deaths by 28th day Newborns survived by 28th day Newborn deaths by 28th day Newborns survived by 28th day
Births, N 1193 127,387 325 26,975 1721 166,849 1941 68,182 908 68,441
Maternal age, N (%) 1187 126,754 325 26,949 1720 166,760 1939 68,041 907 68,429
 < 20 338
(28.5)
28,755
(22.7)
76
(23.4)
4872
(18.1)
146
(8.5)
11,083
(6.6)
65
(3.4)
2613
(3.8)
126
(13.9)
11,141
(16.3)
 20–35 766
(64.5)
90,462
(71.4)
206
(63.4)
19,817
(73.5)
1570
(91.3)
155,243
(93.1)
1743
(89.9)
61,725
(90.7)
621
(68.5)
50,296
(73.5)
 > 35 83
(7.0)
7537
(5.9)
43
(13.2)
2,260
(8.4)
4
(0.2)
434
(0.3)
131
(6.8)
3703
(5.4)
160
(17.6)
6,992
(10.2)
Maternal Education, N (%) 1186 126,657 325 26,974 1712 166,267 939 68,011 908 68,432
 No formal education 58
(4.9)
6,648
(5.2)
130
(40.0)
10,121
(37.5)
273
(15.9)
19,810
(11.9)
1,682
(86.7)
55,399
(81.5)
175
(19.3)
10,155
(14.8)
 Primary/Secondary 1076
(90.7)
114,782
(90.6)
195
(60.0)
16,784
(62.2)
1265
(73.9)
124,862
(75.1)
226
(11.7)
10,698
(15.7)
715
(78.7)
55,002
(80.4)
 University+ 52
(4.4)
5,227
(4.1)
0
(0.0)
69
(0.3)
174
(10.2)
21,595
(13.0)
31
(1.6)
1914
(2.8)
18
(2.0)
3,275
(4.8)
Parity, N (%) 1188 126,797 325 26,974 1718 166,411 1894 66,675 908 68,436
 0 440
(37.0)
35,763
(28.2)
82
(25.2)
4651
(17.2)
894
(52.0)
70,526
(42.4)
421
(22.2)
11,872
(17.8)
241
(26.5)
19,155
(28.0)
 1–2 381
(32.1)
49,562
(39.1)
80
(24.6)
8574
(31.8)
708
(41.2)
87,428
(52.5)
533
(28.1)
22,750
(34.1)
262
(28.9)
26,770
(39.1)
 ≥ 3 367
(30.9)
41,472
(32.7)
163
(50.2)
13,749
(51.0)
116
(6.8)
8457
(5.1)
940
(49.6)
32,053
(48.1)
405
(44.6)
22,511
(32.9)
Number of ANC visits, N (%) 848 97,801 324 26,943 1138 117,633 1498 51,642 771 60,392
 0 9
(1.1)
663
(0.7)
8
(2.5)
833
(3.1)
1
(0.1)
133
(0.1)
96
(6.4)
3,636
(7.0)
51
(6.6)
2,007
(3.3)
 1 47
(5.5)
3845
(3.9)
10
(3.1)
1,192
(4.4)
16
(1.4)
2184
(1.9)
222
(14.8)
8141
(15.8)
38
(4.9)
2,706
(4.5)
 2–3 396
(46.7)
46,420
(47.5)
137
(42.3)
11,794
(43.8)
304
(26.7)
26,452
(22.5)
613
(40.9)
22,142
(42.9)
212
(27.5)
15,036
(24.9)
 ≥ 4 396
(46.7)
46,873
(47.9)
169
(52.2)
13,124
(48.7)
817
(71.8)
88,864
(75.5)
567
(37.9)
17,723
(34.3)
470
(61.0)
40,643
(67.3)
Evidence of hypertensive disease/severe pre-eclampsia/eclampsia, N (%) 31
(2.6)
1,069
(0.8)
2
(0.6)
8
(0.0)
72
(4.2)
3,152
(1.9)
153
(7.9)
2,624
(3.9)
46
(5.1)
2,279
(3.3)
Last pregnancy was not a live birthb, n/N (%) 65/748
(8.7)
4634/91,028
(5.1)
16/243
(6.6)
736/22,323
(3.3)
42/824
(5.1)
2965/95,849
(3.1)
150/1473
(10.2)
3471/54,790
(6.3)
89/667
(13.3)
3,721/
49,278
(7.6)
Maternal Death by 42 day follow-up, n/N (%) 8/1186
(0.7)
53/127,384
(0.0)
3/325
(0.9)
18/26,975
(0.1)
9/1721
(0.5)
88/166,849
(0.1)
7/1925
(0.4)
87/68,181
(0.1)
2/905
(0.2)
34/68,441
(0.0)