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Table 4 Delivery characteristics for infants born alive and ≥ 2500, by Global Network Region, 2010–2018

From: Neonatal deaths in infants born weighing ≥ 2500 g in low and middle-income countries

  Africa South Asia Central America
Zambia/Kenya DRC India Pakistan Guatemala
Newborn deaths by 28th day Newborns survived by 28th day Newborn deaths by 28th day Newborns survived by 28th day Newborn deaths by 28th day Newborns survived by 28th day Newborn deaths by 28th day Newborns survived by 28th day Newborn deaths by 28th day Newborns survived by 28th day
Births, N 1193 127,387 325 26,975 1721 166,849 1941 68,182 908 68,441
Delivery Location, N (%) 1193 127,386 325 26,975 1721 166,811 1939 68,163 908 68,441
 Hospital 327
(27.4)
23,339
(18.3)
49
(15.1)
2185
(8.1)
1171
(68.0)
112,927
(67.7)
725
(37.4)
22,441
(32.9)
415
(45.7)
33,194
(48.5)
 Clinic/Health Center 462
(38.7)
59,520
(46.7)
206
(63.4)
19,114
(70.9)
446
(25.9)
47,420
(28.4)
584
(30.1)
18,419
(27.0)
16
(1.8)
1,579
(2.3)
 Home/Other 404
(33.9)
44,527
(35.0)
70
(21.5)
5676
(21.0)
104
(6.0)
6464
(3.9)
630
(32.5)
27,303
(40.1)
477
(52.5)
33,668
(49.2)
Delivery Mode, N (%) 1193 127,387 325 26,975 1721 166,849 1941 68,181 908 68,440
 Vaginal Delivery 1091
(91.5)
124,806
(98.0)
301
(92.6)
26,705
(99.0)
1328
(77.2)
132,025
(79.1)
1558
(80.3)
57,997
(85.1)
688
(75.8)
52,118
(76.2)
 Assisted vacuum/forceps 29
(2.4)
705
(0.6)
6
(1.8)
56
(0.2)
48
(2.8)
1007
(0.6)
112
(5.8)
2281
(3.3)
1
(0.1)
31
(0.0)
C-section 73
(6.1)
1876
(1.5)
18
(5.5)
214
(0.8)
345
(20.0)
33,817
(20.3)
271
(14.0)
903
(11.6)
219
(24.1)
16,291
(23.8)
Obstructed/prolonged labor/failure to progress, N (%) 317
(26.6)
6145
(4.8)
62
(19.1)
348
(1.3)
399
(23.2)
16,027
(9.6)
585
(30.2)
9146
(13.4)
106
(11.7)
3,599
(5.3)
Severe antepartum hemorrhage, N (%) 48
(4.0)
1029
(0.8)
6
(1.8)
26
(0.1)
17
(1.0)
390
(0.2)
135
(7.0)
1349
(2.0)
9
(1.0)
361
(0.5)
Severe postpartum hemorrhage, N (%) 88
(7.5)
2939
(2.3)
13
(4.0)
151
(0.6)
26
(1.5)
822
(0.5)
160
(8.2)
2807
(4.1)
23
(2.5)
1,110
(1.6)
Severe infectiona, N (%) 34
(6.1)
380
(0.6)
23
(7.1)
152
(0.6)
4
(0.7)
137
(0.2)
52
(6.0)
602
(2.0)
8
(1.5)
354
(0.9)
Unplanned hospitalizationa, N (%) 27
(5.6)
375
(0.7)
15
(5.4)
185
(0.8)
45
(9.5)
2,025
(3.6)
18
(2.4)
152
(0.6)
105
(20.6)
3,171
(8.2)
Abnormal fetal presentation, n/N (%) 67/1192
(5.6)
1198/127,328
(0.9)
9/325
(2.8)
89/26,955
(0.3)
47/1720
(2.7)
2797/166,584
(1.7)
142/1939
(7.3)
1829/68,119
(2.7)
56/908
(6.2)
1,803/
68,418
(2.6)