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Table 7 Relative risk of neonatal death (< 28 day) by Global Network Region and newborn characteristics for infants born alive and ≥ 2500 g, 2010–2018

From: Neonatal deaths in infants born weighing ≥ 2500 g in low and middle-income countries

  Adjusted RR for neonatal mortality for infants ≥ 2500 g (95% CI)a
Africa South Asia Central America
Zambia/Kenya DRC India Pakistan Guatemala
Preterm 2.02 (1.57, 2.59) 1.33 (0.99, 1.79) 1.62 (1.33, 1.98) 3.09 (2.84, 3.36) 1.35 (1.16, 1.56)
Birthweight
 2500–2700 g 2.55 (1.96, 3.33) 1.14 (0.84, 1.55) 1.43 (1.17, 1.75) 3.95 (3.48, 4.49) 1.06 (0.79, 1.43)
 2701–3000 g 1.61 (1.36, 1.90) 1.08 (0.80, 1.46) 1.12 (0.94, 1.34) 2.53 (2.16, 2.96) 1.16 (0.98, 1.38)
 3001–3500 g Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
 > 3500 g 1.57 (1.29, 1.92) 1.50 (1.02, 2.21) 1.12 (0.75, 1.66) 1.05 (0.82, 1.33) 1.71 (1.41, 2.07)
Not placed on mother's chest after delivery 2.44 (1.93, 3.09) 3.43 (1.75, 6.72) 3.18 (2.54, 4.00) 1.18 (0.95, 1.47) 1.87 (1.62, 2.17)
Multiple Birth 3.51 (2.67, 4.60) 3.40 (2.00, 5.76) 1.45 (0.74, 2.83) 0.93 (0.51, 1.70) 1.85 (0.91, 3.80)
Gender
 Male 1.25 (1.06, 1.47) 1.34 (1.08, 1.67) 1.33 (1.19, 1.48) 1.20 (1.08, 1.34) 1.29 (1.18, 1.41)
 Female Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
Congenital anomaly 36.51 (20.67, 64.46) 49.79 (6.71, 369.67) 101.00 (75.32, 135.43) 9.66 (7.12, 13.10) 21.93 (15.86, 30.32)
Hospitalization 10.01 (4.39, 22.82) 38.70 (20.80, 71.99) 66.43 (45.04, 97.97) 57.27 (46.58, 70.41) 25.96 (18.67, 36.12)
Resuscitation with bag and mask, N (%) 18.55 (14.38, 23.92) 48.24 (36.86, 63.14) 29.60 (22.37, 39.16) 6.57 (5.80, 7.45) 13.29 (10.87, 16.26)
  1. aRelative risks (RR) and 95% confidence intervals from log-binomial models with generalized estimating equations to account for the correlation of outcomes within cluster. Neonatal mortality is modeled for each factor independently, accounting for site and the interaction of factor and site. Presented RR (95% CI) are for the interaction of factor and site to capture site-specific RRs