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Table 2 Distribution of factors associated with FGM in SSA

From: Socio-economic and demographic determinants of female genital mutilation in sub-Saharan Africa: analysis of data from demographic and health surveys

Variables FGM among women FGM among daughters
Yes No χ2 (P value) Yes No χ2 (P value)
Wealth quintile    7.9 (< 0.001)    8.0 (< 0.001)
 Poorest 60.2 39.8   18.7 81.3  
 Poorer 54.9 45.1   15.1 84.9  
 Middle 52.8 47.2   13.7 86.3  
 Richer 50.5 49.5   11.7 88.3  
 Richest 42.9 57.1   6.8 93.2  
Education    29.6 (< 0.001)    21.2 (< 0.001)
 No education 65.8 34.2   20.8 79.2  
 Primary 39.2 60.8   5.6 94.4  
 Secondary 38.8 61.2   5.0 95.0  
 Higher 32.8 67.2   3.5 96.5  
Age    973.3 (< 0.001)    21.5 (< 0.001)
 15–19 46.0 54.0   1.2 98.8  
 20–24 47.9 52.1   5.9 94.1  
 25–29 51.9 48.5   11.7 88.3  
 30–34 53.7 46.3   17.7 82.3  
 35–39 55.9 44.1   21.4 78.6  
 40–44 56.0 44.0   21.8 78.2  
 45–49 59.7 40.4   22.7 77.3  
Residence    875.0 (< 0.001)    6.3 (< 0.001)
 Urban 46.5 53.5   8.6 91.4  
 Rural 54.9 45.1   15.4 84.6  
Marital status    12.5 (< 0.001)    18.0 (< 0.001)
 Single 40.7 59.4   0.5 99.5  
 Married 57.4 42.6   17.6 82.4  
 Cohabitation 31.5 68.5   3.3 96.7  
 Widowed/divorced/separated 47.1 52.9   10.9 89.1  
Occupation    12.3 (< 0.001)    6.8 (< 0.001)
 Not working 46.9 53.1   10.5 89.5  
 Managerial 35.7 64.3   6.6 93.4  
 Clerical 35.1 64.9   5.0 95.0  
 Sales 49.7 50.3   15.3 84.7  
 Agricultural 63.0 37.0   16.9 82.1  
 Household 27.4 72.6   2.6 97.4  
 Services 41.1 58.9   9.8 90.2  
 Manual 61.3 38.7   14.7 85.3  
 Other 64.0 36.0   7.3 92.7  
Frequency of reading newspaper 17.7 (< 0.001)    9.5 (< 0.001)
 Not at all 56.5 43.5   15.1 84.9  
 Less than a week 30.1 69.9   3.0 97.0  
 At least once a week 29.9 70.1   2.4 97.6  
Frequency of listening to radio 7.6 (< 0.001)    832.3 (< 0.001)
 Not at all 58.6 41.4   16.5 83.5  
 Less than once a week 52.7 47.3   12.6 87.4  
 At least once a week 45.7 54.3   10.2 89.8  
Frequency of watching television 14.4 (< 0.001)    8.0 (< 0.001)
 Not at all 59.3 40.7   16.3 83.7  
 Less than once a week 46.9 53.1   10.9 89.1  
 At least once a week 39.2 60.8   7.4 92.6