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Table 1 Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics at enrollment (N = 8565)

From: Decreasing incidence of pregnancy among HIV-positive adolescents in a large HIV treatment program in western Kenya between 2005 and 2017: a retrospective cohort study

Variable N Median (IQR) or n (%)
Age at study inclusion (years), Median (IQR) 8565 14.0 (10.0, 18.4)
Urban clinic location, n (%) 8565 4865 (56.8)
Have electricity at homea 3949 700 (17.7)
Have piped water at homea 3495 503 (14.4)
Orphan (mother or both parents dead) 4001 1982 (49.5)
Married or living with a partner, n (%) 4476 1571 (35.1)
Had sex outside marriageb 2103 178 (8.5)
Suspects spouse to be having sex outside of marriageb 2046 481 (23.5)
Had sex within 6 months of enrollment into HIV careb 2486 1259 (50.6)
Travel time to clinic (min)b 2698  
 < 30   1054 (39.1)
 30–60   962 (35.7)
 60–120   447 (16.6)
 > 120   235 (8.7)
Have disclosed HIV status   
 Overall 4345 2326 (53.5)
Hospitalized in the year prior to inclusion 7114 630 (8.9)
Ever initiated ART 8565 7051 (82.3)
Ever used family planningc 6409  
 No, Not sexually active   171 (2.7)
 No   3620 (56.4)
 Yes   2618 (40.8)
Age when first family planning data recorded 6409 17.2 (14.4, 19.0)
Family planning methodd 4664  
 None   3875 (83.1)
 Condoms   513 (11.0)
 Female condoms   4 (0.1)
 Emergency contraceptive   1 (0.02)
 Implant contraceptive   83 (1.8)
 Oral contraceptive   17 (0.4)
 IUD   20 (0.4)
 Natural family planning   3 (0.1)
 Injectable contraceptive   155 (3.3)
 Other method   13 (0.3)
  1. aAdult encounters only; collection discontinued in 2015
  2. bAdult encounters only; collection discontinued in 2013
  3. cFamily planning use includes use of female sterilization, contraceptive implant, intrauterine device, injectable contraception, oral contraceptive pills, emergency contraception, condoms, diaphragms, or natural family planning methods
  4. dClose to conception data (6 months pre- and 1 month post- for those who became pregnant, and 6 months before last visit for those who were not pregnant). Adolescents may contribute to more than one category