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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of the pregnant women in the study (N = 49,536)

From: Development of the Global Network for Women’s and Children’s Health Research’s socioeconomic status index for use in the network’s sites in low and lower middle-income countries

Characteristic N %
Site
 Democratic Republic of Congo 6998 14
 Guatemala 10,287 21
 India (Belagavi) 7309 15
 India (Nagpur) 7776 16
 Kenya 7104 14
 Pakistan 4416 9
 Zambia 5646 11
Age
 < 20 7814 16
 20–35 38,976 79
 > 35 2714 5
Parity
 0 16,516 33
 1–4 28,044 57
 > 4 4951 10
Type of education
 No formal education 8857 18
 Formal education 40,655 82
Years of education
 0 8857 18
 1–6 11,059 22
 7–12 25,907 52
 13+ 3686 7
Received any antenatal care
 Yes 32,420 97
 No 1034 3
Delivered in a health facility
 Yes 14,557 45
 No 17,731 55