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Table 3 The components of the COM-B Model (adapted from [32])

From: Transforming social norms to end FGM in the EU: an evaluation of the REPLACE Approach

Components of COM-B ModelDescription of Components
Capability• Psychological capability: includes knowledge, skills, aptitude, understanding, ability to self-regulate behaviour.
• Physical capability: includes physical ability to carry out the behaviour.
Motivation• Automatic (passive) motivation: includes wanting to do something out of habit or because it makes the person feel good without using effortful thought.
• Reflective (active) motivation: includes positive evaluations of performing the behavior through effortful thought.
Opportunity• Social opportunity: includes opportunities created by the interaction of peers, family and other networks and the influence of social norms including culture and subculture to support the behaviour. It also includes the legal framework comprising the application of the law and its enforcement, as well as the effectiveness of safeguarding policies and procedures.
• Environmental opportunity: includes opportunities created by the physical environment such as objects, services, resources and locations that promote the behaviour.