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Table 7 Means and standard deviations for pre and post Likert Measures taken from Gambian/Senegalese Community intervention participants living in Spain (Source: REPLACE fieldwork, 2014-2015)

From: Transforming social norms to end FGM in the EU: an evaluation of the REPLACE Approach

Likert scale measureMeans and (SDs) pre-interventionMeans and (SDs) post-intervention
1. Perception of current state of beliefs on FGM in the general community (Decrease is positive for this item)4.38 (1.15)4.33 (1.12)
2. Perception of current state of beliefs on FGM amongst those known well to the participant (Decrease is positive for this item)4.5 (2.01)4.8 (1.19)
3. Confidence in ability to talk to people in the community about FGM (Increase is positive for this item)5.6 (2.07)5.5 (1.03)
4. Confidence in ability to talk to people known well to the participant about FGM (Increase is positive for this item)5.7 (1.95)5.0 (0.94)
5. Motivation to talk to people in the community about FGM (Increase is positive for this item)5.78 (1.31)5.5 (1.31)
6. Motivation to talk to people known well to the participant about FGM (Increase is positive for this item)6.25 (0.62)5.17 (1.10)
7. Perception of motivation of community in general to talk about FGM (Increase is positive for this item)4.88 (1.29)5.33 (1.22)
8. Perception of motivation amongst people known well to the participant to talk about FGM (Increase is positive for this item)5.0 (1.25)5.33 (0.38)