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Table 4 Childbirth outcomes in different ethnicities, with Hindustani as reference group

From: Childbirth outcomes and ethnic disparities in Suriname: a nationwide registry-based study in a middle-income country

OutcomeOdds ratio (95% confidence interval)Adjusted Odds ratio (95% confidence interval)
Teenage pregnancy a
 Maroon2.1 (1.9–2.5)2.1 (1.8–2.4)
 Creole1.4 (1.2–1.7)1.4 (1.2–1.6)
 Mixed1.5 (1.3–1.8)1.5 (1.3–1.8)
 Javanese1.2 (1.0–1.4)1.2 (1.0–1.4)
 Indigenous2.7 (2.1–3.3)2.6 (2.1–3.2)
 Chinese0.3 (0.2–0.5)0.3 (0.2–0.6)
 Other1.0 (0.6–1.8)1.1 (0.6–1.9)
Primiparous women a
 Maroon0.5 (0.4–0.5)0.5 (0.4–0.5)
 Creole0.7 (0.6–0.7)0.7 (0.6–0.8)
 Mixed0.9 (0.8–1.0)0.8 (0.8–0.9)
 Javanese0.8 (0.7–0.8)0.7 (0.7–0.8)
 Indigenous0.6 (0.5–0.7)0.6 (0.5–0.7)
 Chinese0.8 (0.7–1.1)0.8 (0.6–1.0)
 Other1.0 (0.7–1.3)1.0 (0.6–1.3)
Grand multiparous women a
 Maroon10.6 (8.7–12.8)14.7 (11.9–18.1)
 Creole4.0 (3.3–4.9)4.1 (3.3–5.1)
 Mixed2.2 (1.7–2.8)2.2 (1.7–2.9)
 Javanese1.8 (1.4–2.4)1.7 (1.3–2.3)
 Indigenous6.6 (5.0–8.6)9.9 (7.4–13.4)
 Chinese0.4 (0.2–0.9)0.3 (0.1–0.8)
 Other2.0 (1.0–4.0)1.6 (0.7–3.4)
Severe anemiaa
 Maroon3.7 (2.1–6.5)2.4 (1.4–4.3)
 Creole1.9 (1.0–3.4)1.7 (0.9–3.0)
 Mixed1.1 (0.5–2.4)1.8 (0.8–4.2)
 Javanese0.2 (0.1–0.8)0.3 (0.1–1.3)
 Indigenous1.6 (0.5–4.8)1.1 (0.4–3.5)
 ChineseN/AN/A
 OtherN/AN/A
Cesarean section b
 Maroon0.4 (0.4–0.5)0.7 (0.6–0.8)
 Creole0.7 (0.6–0.7)0.8 (0.7–0.9)
 Mixed0.9 (0.7–1.0)0.9 (0.8–1.0)
 Javanese0.6 (0.5–0.7)0.6 (0.5–0.7)
 Indigenous0.5 (0.4–0.7)0.8 (0.6–0.9)
 Chinese0.5 (0.4–0.7)0.4 (0.3–0.5)
 Other2.0 (1.4–2.7)1.7 (1.2–2.4)
Post partum hemorrhage c
 Maroon1.6 (1.1–2.4)1.5 (1.0–2.4)
 Creole1.4 (0.9–2.2)1.4 (0.9–2.2)
 Mixed1.4 (0.8–2.3)1.2 (0.7–1.9)
 Javanese1.2 (0.7–2.0)1.1 (0.7–2.0)
 Indigenous3.2 (1.8–5.5)3.0 (1.7–5.3)
 Chinese2.2 (1.0–4.8)2.1 (0.9–4.6)
 Other1.9 (0.4–7.8)1.4 (0.3–6.0)
Preterm birth a
 Maroon1.3 (1.1–1.4)1.2 (1.1–1.4)
 Creole1.2 (1.0–1.3)1.1 (1.0–1.3)
 Mixed1.0 (0.8–1.3)1.0 (0.9–1.2)
 Javanese0.8 (0.7–0.9)0.8 (0.7–0.9)
 Indigenous1.0 (0.8–1.3)1.0 (0.8–1.3)
 Chinese0.6 (0.4–0.8)0.6 (0.4–0.9)
 Other0.8 (0.5–1.4)0.8 (0.4–1.4)
Low birth weight b
 Maroon0.9 (0.8–1.0)0.7 (0.6–0.8)
 Creole0.8 (0.7–0.9)0.6 (0.5–0.7)
 Mixed0.7 (0.6–0.8)0.6 (0.5–0.7)
 Javanese0.5 (0.4–0.5)0.4 (0.3–0.5)
 Indigenous0.7 (0.5–0.8)0.5 (0.4–0.7)
 Chinese0.4 (0.3–0.6)0.5 (0.3–0.8)
 Other0.4 (0.2–0.8)0.6 (0.3–1.1)
Low APGAR score c
 Maroon1.8 (1.4–2.3)1.6 (1.2–2.0)
 Creole1.6 (1.3–2.1)1.4 (1.0–2.0)
 Mixed0.9 (0.7–1.3)1.0 (0.7–1.6)
 Javanese0.6 (0.4–0.9)0.7 (0.4–1.2)
 Indigenous1.2 (0.7–1.9)1.1 (0.6–2.0)
 Chinese0.4 (0.1–1.0)0.5 (0.1–1.7)
 OtherN/AN/A
Late stillbirth c
 Maroon2.1 (1.5–3.0)1.7 (1.1–2.5)
 Creole1.5 (1.1–2.3)1.4 (0.9–2.1)
 Mixed0.9 (0.6–1.6)1.0 (0.6–1.8)
 Javanese0.5 (0.2–0.9)0.4 (0.2–0.9)
 Indigenous1.1 (0.5–2.3)1.1 (0.5–2.5)
 Chinese0.2 (0.0–1.6)0.3 (0.0–2.4)
 OtherN/AN/A
Maternal death d
 Maroon3.4 (0.8–15.7)3.3 (0.7–16.1)
 Creole1.2 (0.2–7.2)1.2 (0.2–7.1)
 MixedN/AN/A
 Javanese1.7 (0.2–12.4)1.8 (0.2–12.5)
 Indigenous2.5 (0.2–27.5)2.5 (0.2–28.5)
 Chinese4.5 (0.4–49.4)4.7 (0.4–53.4)
 OtherN/AN/A
  1. Bold = significant results.N/A not available
  2. aAdjusted for maternal age and hospital
  3. bAdjusted for maternal age, parity, hospital, birth weight, gestational age
  4. cAdjusted for maternal age, parity, hospital, cesarean section, birth weight, gestational age
  5. dAdjusted for maternal age, parity and hospital