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Table 2 Annual average rate of change of DFPSm among AGYW in sub-Saharan Africa by Country, marital status and household wealth status

From: Wealth-related inequalities in demand for family planning satisfied among married and unmarried adolescent girls and young women in sub-Saharan Africa

Country Married adolescents and young women Unmarried adolescents and young women
Overall Poorest Richest Overall Poorest Richest
AARC (95%CI) p-value AARC (95%CI) p-value AARC (95%CI) p-value AARC (95%CI) p-value AARC (95%CI) p-value AARC (95%CI) p-value
Cameroon 1.1 (0.6;1.6) 0.000 2.8 (1.7;3.9) 0.000  − 0.2 (− 1.0;0.6) 0.619 1.9 (1.3;2.5) 0.000 2.5 (− 0.4;5.3) 0.088 1.5 (0.8;2.3) 0.000
Chad 0.5 (0.1;0.9) 0.016 0.7 (0.1;1.4) 0.032 0.3 (− 0.4;1.1) 0.346  − 0.8 (− 2.6;1.0) 0.381    0.1 (− 2.2;2.4) 0.932
Congo 1.7 (1.1;2.3) 0.000 1.6 (0.7;2.6) 0.001 1.5 (0.2;2.7) 0.024 1.9 (1.2;2.6) 0.000 1.3 (− 0.1;2.7) 0.066 1.5 (0.2;2.8) 0.022
Congo DR 0.9 (0.1;1.6) 0.020 0.6 (− 0.4;1.6) 0.240 1.0 (− 0.2;2.2) 0.091  − 0.3 (− 2.1;1.4) 0.722  − 1.0 (− 4.4;2.3) 0.542 0.0 (− 1.6;1.7) 0.962
Gabon 1.0 (0.5;1.6) 0.000 1.0 (0.3;1.7) 0.004 0.6 (− 0.4;1.6) 0.227 1.9 (1.2;2.6) 0.000 2.4 (1.5;3.3) 0.000 2.0 (0.7;3.3) 0.003
Burundi 2.6 (1.7;3.5) 0.000 3.3 (1.8;4.8) 0.000 2.0 (0.3;3.8) 0.023 *   *   *  
Ethiopia 3.3 (3.1;3.6) 0.000 3.0 (2.4;3.6) 0.000 3.5 (3.2;3.8) 0.000 0.6 (− 0.8;1.9) 0.429 5.3 (− 0.2;10.7) 0.057 0.6 (− 0.8;1.9) 0.429
Kenya 2.9 (2.5;3.4) 0.000 3.3 (2.6;4.1) 0.000 2.7 (2.0;3.4) 0.000 1.6 (0.3;2.9) 0.013 *   1.5 (− 0.3;3.2) 0.099
Madagascar 1.4 (− 0.1;2.9) 0.070 3.4 (0.7;6.0) 0.014  − 0.4 (− 2.5;1.7) 0.686  − 0.9 (− 3.0;1.2) 0.401 *    − 2.2 (− 4.7;0.3) 0.081
Malawi 2.5 (2.3;2.6) 0.000 2.7 (2.5;3.0) 0.000 2.0 (1.7;2.3) 0.000 1.0 (0.4;1.6) 0.000 0.8 (− 0.3;2.0) 0.169 0.6 (− 0.2;1.3) 0.140
Mozambique  − 0.9 (− 1.4; − 0.4) 0.001  − 1.7 (− 2.5; − 0.8) 0.000 0.0 (− 0.7;0.7) 0.972  − 0.5 (− 1.3;0.3) 0.268  − 4.7 (− 6.8; − 2.6) 0.000  − 0.1 (− 1.0;0.8) 0.830
Rwanda 4.6 (4.4;4.9) 0.000 5.2 (4.8;5.6) 0.000 4.0 (3.5;4.6) 0.000  − 2.6 (− 6.6;1.5) 0.212 *    − 2.3 (− 7.2;2.6) 0.344
Tanzania 1.3 (0.7;1.8) 0.000 1.7 (0.7;2.6) 0.000 0.5 (− 0.5;1.4) 0.357 0.7 (− 0.4;1.9) 0.220 1.2 (− 0.8;3.3) 0.244  − 0.3 (− 2.0;1.4) 0.703
Uganda 1.3 (1.0;1.6) 0.000 1.3 (0.8;1.8) 0.000 1.0 (0.5;1.5) 0.000  − 0.5 (− 1.1;0.2) 0.178 *    − 0.5 (− 1.3;0.3) 0.213
Zambia 1.8 (1.4;2.1) 0.000 2.2 (1.7;2.7) 0.000 1.6 (1.0;2.2) 0.000  − 0.4 (− 1.1;0.4) 0.339 1.0 (− 0.3;2.3) 0.127  − 0.9 (− 2.2;0.4) 0.192
Eswatini 2.3 (0.8;3.9) 0.003 3.2 (1.7;4.7) 0.000 2.7 (0.3;5.1) 0.030 3.0 (1.9;4.1) 0.000 4.4 (3.1;5.8) 0.000 3.1 (0.9;5.4) 0.007
Lesotho 2.3 (1.7;2.9) 0.000 3.1 (2.3;3.9) 0.000 1.6 (0.5;2.6) 0.004 1.3 (− 0.2;2.9) 0.096 *    − 0.4 (− 2.4;1.7) 0.708
Namibia 0.5 (− 0.2;1.2) 0.133 0.5 (− 0.8;1.7) 0.462 0.6 (− 0.6;1.7) 0.325 0.9 (0.3;1.5) 0.004 1.5 (0.3;2.7) 0.014 0.1 (− 0.8;0.9) 0.891
Zimbabwe 0.9 (0.5;1.3) 0.000 1.8 (1.1;2.4) 0.000 0.6 (0.1;1.1) 0.018 0.4 (− 1.4;2.2) 0.663 *   0.6 (− 1.4;2.6) 0.548
Benin 0.6 (0.3;0.8) 0.000 0.9 (0.4;1.3) 0.000 0.2 (− 0.2;0.6) 0.409  − 0.2 (− 0.6;0.3) 0.422 0.5 (− 0.8;1.9) 0.436  − 0.3 (− 0.9;0.3) 0.353
Burkina Faso 2.1 (1.4;2.7) 0.000 1.7 (0.9;2.6) 0.000 1.5 (0.3;2.8) 0.019 0.1 (− 1.7;1.8) 0.931 0.7 (− 3.0;4.5) 0.698  − 0.3 (− 2.4;1.7) 0.758
Cote d’Ivoire 0.5 (− 0.6;1.5) 0.378  − 0.2 (− 1.8;1.3) 0.768 0.7 (− 1.9;3.2) 0.604 0.7 (− 0.7;2.2) 0.319 0.0 (− 2.5;2.4) 0.996 1.5 (− 0.8;3.8) 0.196
Gambia  − 0.9 (− 3.1;1.3) 0.421  − 1.1 (− 3.6;1.4) 0.395 1.0 (− 3.0;5.1) 0.616 *   *    
Ghana 1.5 (0.9;2.2) 0.000 2.5 (1.5;3.5) 0.000 0.5 (− 0.8;1.9) 0.440 0.2 (− 0.8;1.2) 0.661 1.8 (− 1.6;5.3) 0.294 0.1 (− 1.5;1.7) 0.898
Guinea 1.2 (0.6;1.7) 0.000 0.7 (− 0.3;1.7) 0.157 0.7 (− 0.1;1.6) 0.094 0.8 (− 0.2;1.7) 0.113 *   0.6 (− 0.6;1.7) 0.344
Liberia 3.9 (2.5;5.4) 0.000 2.9 (1.2;4.5) 0.001 5.3 (2.9;7.7) 0.000 2.1 (0.9;3.3) 0.000 4.4 (2.0;6.8) 0.000 0.9 (− 0.7;2.5) 0.278
Mali 1.3 (1.0;1.5) 0.000 0.8 (0.3;1.2) 0.000 1.6 (1.2;2.0) 0.000 1.0 (0.4;1.6) 0.001 *   1.3 (0.6;1.9) 0.000
Niger 3.6 (2.5;4.6) 0.000 4.2 (2.4;6.0) 0.000 3.4 (1.9;4.8) 0.000 *   *   *  
Nigeria 0.3 (0.0;0.6) 0.094 0.3 (− 0.2;0.8) 0.198 0.1 (− 0.4;0.7) 0.648  − 1.1 (− 1.6; − 0.7) 0.000  − 0.7 (− 1.7;0.2) 0.133  − 1.5 (− 2.2; − 0.9) 0.000
Senegal 1.9 (1.6;2.3) 0.000 1.8 (1.3;2.3) 0.000 2.7 (1.8;3.5) 0.000 3.8 (− 2.5;10.1) 0.233 5.3 (− 0.2;10.7) 0.057 *  
Sierra Leone 2.9 (2.2;3.6) 0.000 2.1 (1.2;3.1) 0.000 3.5 (2.3;4.7) 0.000 2.6 (1.8;3.4) 0.000  − 0.8 (− 3.8;2.1) 0.572 3.1 (2.1;4.1) 0.000
Togo 1.5 (− 0.5;3.6) 0.145  − 1.1 (− 3.4;1.2) 0.367 0.1 (− 4.1;4.2) 0.972 0.3 (− 2.7;3.4) 0.832 5.6 (− 0.1;11.3) 0.056 0.8 (− 4.1;5.6) 0.754
West Africa 1.05 (0.56;1.54) 0.000 0.93 (0.52;1.33) 0.000 1.08 (0.31;1.85) 0.006 0.42 (− 0.29;1.13) 0.248 0.28 (− 0.91;1.48) 0.641  − 0.04 (− 1.18;1.11) 0.951
Central Africa 1.13 (0.77;1.48) 0.000 1.12 (0.03;2.22) 0.045 0.61 (0.26;0.97) 0.001 1.10 (− 0.12;2.32) 0.077 1.66 (0.63;2.68) 0.002 1.53 (0.94;2.13) 0.000
Eastern Africa 2.23 (1.14;3.31) 0.000 2.37 (1.23;3.51) 0.000 1.99 (0.90;3.07) 0.000 0.48 (− 0.08;1.03) 0.094 0.54 (− 0.66;1.74) 0.377 0.23 (− 0.48;0.93) 0.528
Southern Africa 1.30 (0.43;2.18) 0.003 1.89 (0.50;3.28) 0.008 1.08 (0.38;1.78) 0.002 1.06 (0.29;1.84) 0.007 2.09 (0.20;3.98) 0.030 0.80 (− 0.55;2.14) 0.245
  1. 95% level of significance at p < 0.05; includes all surveys from 2000; AGYW Adolescent Girls and Young Women aged 15–24 years; DFPSm Demand for family planning satisfied by modern contraceptive methods; Poorest The lowest tertile obtained from assets-ownership wealth-related index from principal component analysis. Richest highest tertile obtained from assets-ownership wealth-related index from principal component analysis; AAARC Annual average rate of change of DFPSm
  2. *Sub-category with sample size less than 30 observation excluded from analysis