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Table 1 Characteristics of included studies

From: Women’s sleep position during pregnancy in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review

Study level characteristics Owusu et al. [31] Lakshmi et al. [32]
Location Accra, Ghana Trivandrum, India
Length of study June 2011–July 2011 March 2014–September 2015
Study design Retrospective hospital-based cross-sectional study Hospital-based case–control study
Population Postpartum women; 0–48 h postpartum Postpartum women
Main outcome measure To investigate the prevalence of sleep disruption and sleep practices among Ghanaian women and to investigate its association with maternal and neonatal outcomes To identify any possible modifiable risk factors and reduce stillbirth rate on a long-term perspective
Description of sleep position Most common sleep position during pregnancy Not defined
Data collection—sleep position Self-reported Self-reported
Data collection—stillbirth information Clinical notes Hospital data