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Table 2 Summary of findings for consistency between PMA survey and DHS and trends of the respective ASRH indicators by country, based on statistical significance

From: Examining the recent trends in adolescent sexual and reproductive health in five countries of sub‐Saharan Africa based on PMA and DHS household surveys

Indicator Ethiopia Kenya Uganda Ghana Nigeria
Consistency PMA survey–DHS
 Sexual debut = Yes (H) Yes (H) Yes (L) Yes (H)
 Child marriage = = Yes (H) Yes (H) Yes (L)
 Adolescent birth = = Yes (H) Yes (L) Yes (L)
 Contraceptive use No (L) Yes (L) No (L) No (L) Yes (H)
Trends of the indicator
 Sexual debut No change No change Increase No change No change
 Child marriage No change Decrease No change Irregular Decrease
 Adolescent birth No change Decrease Irregular Irregular Decrease
 Contraceptive use Decrease (between 2015 and 2018) Increase Decrease (between 2015 and 2018) No change Increase
  1. H means PMA survey significantly higher than DHS, L means the opposite, =means PMA and DHS estimates are within the same range
  2. Yes means p < 0.05 and no means p > = 0.05