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Table 1 HIV prevalence among girls and boys 15–19 years, by subregion (with p-value for difference of proportions test trend over time)

From: HIV trends and disparities by gender and urban–rural residence among adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa

Country Survey year Girls, 15–19 years Boys, 15–19 years
First Last First Last p-value First Last p-value
Eastern & Southern Africa        
 Eswatini 2007 2017 10.1 7.2 0.03 1.9 3.9 0.59
 Ethiopia 2005 2016 0.7 0.4 0.39 0.1 0.0 0.52
 Kenya 2003 2018 3.0 1.2   0.4 0.5  
 Lesotho 2004 2017 7.8 5.7 0.13 2.3 2.8 1.30
 Malawi 2004 2016 3.7 2.0 0.09 0.4 0.9 1.28
 Mozambique 2009 2015 7.1 6.5 0.71 2.7 1.5 0.15
 Namibia   2017   4.7    2.7  
 South Africa 2008 2016 6.7 5.9   2.5 4.1  
 Tanzania 2004 2017 2.1 1.0 0.03 2.1 0.4 0.00
 Uganda 2005 2017 2.6 1.8 0.12 0.3 0.5 1.33
 Zambia 2007 2018 5.7 2.6 0 3.6 1.2 0.00
 Zimbabwe 2006 2016 6.2 3.9 0.01 3.1 3.2 1.10
Median all   2017   3.3    1.4  
Median (trend) 2005 2017 5.7 2.6   2.1 1.2  
West & Central Africa        
 Angola   2016   0.8    0.6  
 Burkina Faso 2003 2010 0.9 0.1 0.04 0.7 0.4 0.54
 Burundi 2010 2017 0.2 0.1 0.55 0.3 0.0 0.14
 Cameroon 2004 2018 2.1 1.2   0.6 0.2  
 Chad   2015   1.2    0.4  
 Cote d'Ivoire 2005 2018 0.4 0.6   0.2 0.4 1.35
 DR Congo 2007 2014 0.7 0.7 1 1.7 0.2 0.16
 Gabon   2012   1.5    0.4  
 Gambia   2013   0.4    0.3  
 Ghana 2003 2014 0.5 0.3 0.55 0.2 0.2 1.00
 Guinea 2005 2018 0.9 1.2 0.58 0.5 0.9 1.36
 Liberia 2007 2013 1.3 0.2 0.03 0.4 1.0 1.36
 Mali 2006 2013 0.6 0.8 0.67 0.7 0.3 0.36
 Niger 2006 2012 0.0 0.0   0.0 0.0  
 Nigeria   2018   0.7    0.1  
 Rwanda 2005 2015 0.7 0.9 0.72 0.3 0.3 1.00
 Senegal 2005 2017 0.2 0.0 0.08 0.0 0.0 1.00
 Sierra Leone 2008 2013 1.3 1.5 0.75 0.0 0.7 0.31
 Togo   2014   0.4    0.1 1.35
Median all   2014   0.7    0.3  
Median (trend) 2005 2014 0.7 0.5   0.3 0.3  
  1. n/a not available