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Table 2 Selected behavioural indicators among women and men 15–24 years by subregion, urban and rural residence, national surveys (median values, percent, countries)

From: HIV trends and disparities by gender and urban–rural residence among adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa

  Urban Rural Urban–rural ratio
2006/7 2014/5 2006/7 2014/5 2006/7 2014/5
Eastern and Southern Africa       
Female       
 Sex before age 18 48.4 46.8 60.9 60.6 0.79 0.77
 Premarital sex 34.5 37.7 27.2 30.7 1.27 1.23
 Multiple partners in last year 4.9 5.5 3.0 3.3 1.63 1.67
 Condom use at last non-marital sex 54.3 64.4 32.8 46.0 1.66 1.40
 HIV tested in last year 31.9 61.7 16.6 52.3 1.92 1.18
Male       
 Sex before age 18 52.1 51.7 54.5 55.4 0.96 0.93
 Premarital sex 42.5 48.7 38.7 44.8 1.10 1.09
 Multiple partners in last year 25.6 27.3 22.9 22.9 1.12 1.19
 Condom use at last premarital sex 72.3 78.1 45.6 65.7 1.59 1.19
 HIV tested in last year 18.6 47.1 11.2 32.8 1.66 1.44
West and Central Africa       
Female       
 Sex before age 18 44.7 44.8 66.7 66.8 0.67 0.67
 Premarital sex 33.4 29.4 31.0 21.3 1.08 1.38
 Multiple partners in last year 4.6 4.2 2.7 3.1 1.70 1.35
 Condom use at last non-marital sex 35.8 37.7 16.4 18.5 2.18 2.04
 HIV tested in last year 7.8 19.8 1.5 15.2 5.20 1.30
Male       
 Sex before age 18 36.5 28.1 29.0 24.8 1.26 1.13
 Premarital sex 31.9 35.4 27.2 23.6 1.17 1.50
 Multiple partners in last year 22.3 25.3 22.5 22.5 0.99 1.12
 Condom use at last premarital sex 57.0 62.2 27.9 43.4 2.04 1.43
 HIV tested in last year 4.4 9.3 2.1 5.0 2.10 1.86