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Table 3 Maternal and perinatal outcomes of women with a history of prior cesarean birth overall and by mode of delivery, January 2017–April 2020

From: How birth outcomes among a cohort of Guatemalan women with a history of prior cesarean vary by mode or birth across different interpregnancy intervals

  Total women with history of caesarean
N = 2793
Vaginal birth after caesarean
n = 560, 20.1%
Repeat cesarean birth
n = 2233, 79.9%
p-value
Maternal outcomes     
 Uterotonics n, % 2416, 86.5% 224, 40.0% 2192, 98.2% < 0.001b
 Blood transfusion n, % 29, 1.0% 4, 07% 25, 1.1% 0.49b
 D&C/suction n, % 21, 0.8% 18, 3.2% 3, 0.1%  < 0.001b
 Magnesium n, % 146, 5.2% 6, 1.1% 140, 6.3%  < 0.001b
 Hysterectomy n, % 14, 0.5% 1, 0.2% 13, 0.6% 0.33b
 Severe infection n, % 35, 1.3% 3, 0.5% 32, 1.4% 0.09b
 Postpartum infection n, % 9, 0.3% 2, 0.4% 7, 0.3% 1.0b
 Missing 83, 3.0% 15, 2.7% 68, 3.1%  
 Seizure n, % 3, 0.1% 0, 0.0% 3, 0.1% 1.0b
 Missing 83, 3.0% 15, 2.7% 68, 3.1%  
 Unplanned hospitalization n, % 23, 0.8% 6, 1.1% 17, 0.8% 0.43b
 Missing 83, 3.0% 15, 2.7% 68, 3.1%  
 Death by 42 days n, % 1, 0.1% 1, 0.2% 0, 0.0% 0.20b
 Missing 83, 3.0% 15, 2.7% 68, 3.1%  
Neonatal outcomes     
 Fetal status n, %      < 0.001b
 Born alive, alive 2732, 97.8% 526, 93.9% 2206, 98.8%  
 Born alive, neonatal demise 17, 0.6% 12, 2.1% 5, 0.2%  
 Stillbirth 44, 1.6% 22, 3.9% 22, 1.0%  
 Bag and mask resuscitation n, % 31, 1.1% 9, 1.6% 22, 1.0% 0.21b
 Missing 1, 0.1% 0, 0.0% 1, 0.1%  
 Breastfeed within an hour n, % 581, 21.1% 446, 82.9% 135, 6.1%  < 0.001c
 Neonatal antibiotics n, % 114, 4.1% 16, 2.9% 98, 4.4% 0.10c
 CPAP n, % 7, 0.3% 1, 0.2% 6, 0.3% 1.0b
 Missing 2, 0.1% 1, 0.2% 1, 0.1%  
 Oxygen n, % 125, 4.5% 18, 3.2% 107, 4.8% 0.11c
 Ventilation n, % 15, 0.5% 3, 0.5% 12, 05% 1.0b
 Missing 1, 0.1% 0, 0.0% 1, 0.1%  
 Death by 42 Days n, % 39, 1.4% 10, 1.8% 29, 1.3% 0.31c
 Missing 143, 5.1% 48, 8.6% 95, 4.3%  
  1. aKruskall-Wallis
  2. bFisher’s exact
  3. cchi2
  4. Note All tests performed excluding missing data