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Table 1 Demographic factors and health characteristics of study sample (n = 682)

From: Factors associated with the intention to undergo Pap smear testing in the rural areas of Indonesia: a health belief model

Characteristic Mean (n) SD (%)
Age (years) 42.3 8.4 (30–74)
Marital status   
 Married 627 91.9
 Widowed/divorced 55 8.1
Level of education   
 Low education (≤ Elementary school) 198 29.0
 Middle education (Junior and high school) 359 52.6
 High education (≥ College) 125 18.3
Ethnicity   
 Makassar 592 86.8
 Non-Makassar 90 13.2
Occupation   
 Unemployed 369 54.1
 Employed 313 45.9
Income level   
 No income 369 54.1
 Low income (< $200 US) 168 24.6
 High income (≥ $200 US) 145 21.3
Religion   
 Muslim 672 98.5
 Christian 10 1.5
Parity   
 No children 59 8.7
 Have children 623 91.3
Awareness of cervical cancer   
 Yes 490 71.8
 No 192 28.2
Awareness of Pap smear testing   
Yes 455 66.7
No 227 33.3
Previous experience of Pap Smear test   
 Regular (every 1–3 years) 33 4.8
 Irregular 95 13.9
 Never 554 81.2
Family history of cervical cancer   
 Yes 36 5.3
 No 646 94.7
Friends’ history of cervical cancer   
 Yes 42 6.2
 No 640 93.8