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Table 4 Final logistic regression of the intention to undergo cervical cancer screening (n = 682)

From: Factors associated with the intention to undergo Pap smear testing in the rural areas of Indonesia: a health belief model

Variable included Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
B SE OR CI (95%) B SE OR CI (95%) B SE OR CI (95%)
Marital status (Ref: Widowed/divorced) − 0.49 0.31 0.61 0.34–1.12 − 0.39 0.32 0.67 0.36–1.26 − 0.39 0.33 0.68 0.36–1.29
High education (Ref: Middle education) − 1.59 0.22 0.20*** 0.13–0.32 − 1.11 0.25 0.33*** 0.20–0.54 − 1.00 0.26 0.37*** 0.22–0.61
Low education (Ref: Middle education) − 0.43 0.25 0.65 0.40–1.06 − 0.16 0.27 0.85 0.50–1.43 − 0.07 0.27 0.93 0.55–1.60
High income (Ref: No income) 0.18 0.27 12.1 0.71–2.05 0.51 0.29 1.67 0.95–2.93 0.59 0.29 1.81* 1.02–3.22
Low income (Ref: No income) 0.98 0.21 2.67*** 1.75–4.08 1.02 0.22 2.78*** 1.79–4.32 1.00 0.23 2.72*** 1.72–4.30
Awareness of cervical cancer (Ref: no)      − 1.07 0.28 0.34*** 0.20–0.59 − 1.02 0.29 0.36*** 0.20–0.63
Awareness of Pap smear testing (Ref: no)      0.45 0.27 1.58* 0.93–2.67 0.57 0.28 1.77* 1.03–3.06
Regularly had experienced of Pap smear test      − 0.74 0.80 0.48 0.10–2.29 − 0.87 0.83 0.42 0.08–2.13
(Ref: Irregular Pap smear test)             
Never done Pap smear test      1.02 0.31 2.79** 1.53–5.08 1.16 0.32 3.19*** 1.69–6.02
(Ref: Irregular Pap smear test)             
Family history of cervical cancer (Ref: no)      − 0.88 0.57 0.41 0.13–1.28 − 0.88 0.59 0.41 0.13–1.31
Friends’ history of cervical cancer (Ref: no)      − 1.56 0.64 0.21* 0.06–0.74 − 1.49 0.66 0.22* 0.06–0.81
Perceived severity          0.05 0.02 1.05* 1.01–1.09
Perceived benefits          0.04 0.01 1.04** 1.01–1.07
Perceived barriers          − 0.02 0.01 0.97* 0.95–1.00
Health motivation          0.11 0.06 1.12* 1.00–1.25
R2 0.17 0.26 0.31
ΔR2   0.09 0.05
  1. SE standard error, OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001