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Table 2 Study review matrix

From: Recommendations for improving primiparous women’s childbirth experience: results from a multiphase study in Iran

Authors (year) Title and study design Included studies Effective interventions
Ghanbari-Homayi et al. (2019 Non pharmacological approaches to improve women’s childbirth experiences: meta-analysis Nineteen studies 1. Encourage midwives to provide continues support to women during labour and delivery and to provide midwifery- led care
2. Providing natural interventions such as massage, hot water shower, acupressure and acupuncture
Ghanbari-Homayi et al. (2019) Pharmacological approaches to improve women’s childbirth experiences: meta-analysis Nine studies 1. Applying pharmacological pain relief methods (Epidural analgesia, Entonox gas, Hyoscine) to reduce labour pain
Taheri et al. (2018) Creating a positive perception of childbirth experience Twenty studies 1. Supporting of women during labour and delivery
2. Reduce unnecessary interventions during labour and delivery
3. Facilitating women’s preparedness before labour