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Table 2 Sample characteristics (N = 4309)

From: Sexual wellbeing in early adolescence: a cross-sectional assessment among girls and boys in urban Indonesia

Variable Total Boys Girls p
N = 4309 N = 2031 N = 2278  
Site     0.14
 Bandar Lampung 1143 (26.5%) 543 (26.7%) 600 (26.3%)  
 Denpasar 1682 (39.0%) 818 (40.3%) 864 (37.9%)  
 Semarang 1484 (34.4%) 670 (33.0%) 814 (35.7%)  
Individual     
Age (mean) 12.2 (0.5) 12.2 (0.6) 12.1 (0.5)  < 0.001
 10–12 years 3356 (77.9%) 1499 (73.8%) 1857 (81.5%)  
 13–14 years 953 (22.1%) 532 (26.2%) 421 (18.5%)  
Pubertal onset      < 0.001
 Prepubertal 310 (7.2%) 194 (9.6%) 116 (5.1%)  
 Pubertal 3999 (92.8%) 1837 (90.4%) 2162 (94.9%)  
Religion     0.55
 Islam 2725 (63.2%) 1264 (62.2%) 1461 (64.1%)  
 Hinduism 1477 (34.3%) 715 (35.2%) 762 (33.5%)  
 Christian/other 91 (2.5%) 43 (2.5%) 48 (2.4%)  
Religiosity      < 0.001
 Low 618 (14.3%) 248 (12.2%) 370 (16.2%)  
 High 3691 (85.7%) 1783 (87.8%) 1908 (83.8%)  
Perceived voice (median, IQR) 3.0 (2.6, 3.4) 2.9 (2.3, 3.3) 3.0 (2.7, 3.4)  < 0.001
 Low 2461 (57.1%) 1284 (63.2%) 1177 (51.7%)  < 0.001
 High 1848 (42.9%) 747 (36.8%) 1101 (48.3%)  
Decision-making (median, IQR) 3.0 (2.5, 3.2) 3.0 (2.3, 3.2) 3.0 (2.5, 3.2) 0.003
 Low 2828 (65.6%) 1365 (67.2%) 1463 (64.2%) 0.039
 High 1481 (34.4%) 666 (32.8%) 815 (35.8%)  
Relationship status      < 0.001
 Never in relationship 2581 (59.9%) 1118 (55.0%) 1463 (64.2%)  
 Ever but not currently 994 (23.1%) 445 (21.9%) 549 (24.1%)  
 Currently in relationship 734 (17.0%) 468 (23.0%) 266 (11.7%)  
Ever non-coital sexual activities      < 0.001
 No 3089 (71.7%) 1383 (68.1%) 1706 (74.9%)  
 Yes 1220 (28.3%) 648 (31.9%) 572 (25.1%)  
Ever sexual intercourse      < 0.001
 No 4255 (98.7%) 1982 (97.6%) 2273 (99.8%)  
 Yes 54 (1.3%) 49 (2.4%) 5 (0.2%)  
Family     
Main caregiver     0.027
 Mother 3830 (88.9%) 1772 (87.2%) 2058 (90.3%)  
 Father 240 (5.6%) 129 (6.4%) 111 (4.9%)  
 Sibling 21 (0.5%) 12 (0.6%) 9 (0.4%)  
 Grandparent 119 (2.8%) 67 (3.3%) 52 (2.3%)  
 Other 99 (2.3%) 51 (2.5%) 48 (2.1%)  
Living with      < 0.001
 Both parents 3695 (85.7%) 1717 (84.5%) 1978 (86.8%)  
 One parent 386 (9.0%) 171 (8.4%) 215 (9.4%)  
 Grandparents/other 228 (5.3%) 143 (7.0%) 85 (3.7%)  
Parental connectedness     0.007
 Low 507 (11.8%) 254 (12.5%) 253 (11.1%)  
 Somewhat 1024 (23.8%) 517 (25.5%) 507 (22.3%)  
 High 2778 (64.5%) 1260 (62.0%) 1518 (66.6%)  
School/community     
Educational aspirations      < 0.001
  ≤ Junior high 128 (3.0%) 88 (4.3%) 40 (1.8%)  
 Senior high/dipl 784 (18.2%) 513 (25.3%) 271 (11.9%)  
 University 3322 (77.1%) 1389 (68.4%) 1933 (84.9%)  
 Other 75 (1.7%) 41 (2.0%) 34 (1.5%)  
School days missed last month      < 0.001
 None 3038 (70.5%) 1363 (67.1%) 1675 (73.5%)  
 1–2 days 1114 (25.9%) 580 (28.6%) 534 (23.4%)  
 3 or more days 157 (3.6%) 88 (4.3%) 69 (3.0%)  
Ever felt threatened at school      < 0.001
 No 3558 (82.6%) 1627 (80.1%) 1931 (84.8%)  < 0.001
 Yes 751 (17.4%) 404 (19.9%) 347 (15.2%)  
Access to social media     
 No 295 (6.8%) 161 (7.9%) 134 (5.9%)  < 0.01
 Yes 4014 (93.2) 1870 (92.1%) 2144 (94.1%)