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Table 1 Baseline demographic characteristics of the study participants in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2019 (n = 395)

From: Patterns and predictors of gestational weight gain in Addis Ababa, Central Ethiopia: a prospective cohort study

Variable Frequency Percentage
Age
 Less than 20 years 20 5.0
 20–29 years 318 80.5
 30–39 years 56 14.3
 Greater than 40 years 1 0.2
Marital status (395)
 Never married 14 3.5
 Married 381 96.5
Educational status (394)
 No formal education 38 9.7
 Primary education (1–8) 162 41.1
 Secondary education (9–12) 112 28.4
 Tertiary education 82 20.8
Partners’ educational status (395)
 No formal education 32 8.1
 Primary education (1–8) 99 25.1
 Secondary education (9–12) 147 37.2
 Tertiary education 117 26.6
Occupational status
 No paid employment (home duties) 200 50.6
 Government/private employee 126 31.9
 Merchant 39 9.9
 Student 8 2.0
 Daily labourer 12 3.0
 Other* 10 2.6
Estimated average monthly income (364)
  ≤ $ 200 USD 263 72.3
  > $ 200 USD 101 27.7
Type of pregnancy (388)
 Intended 351 90.5
 Unintended 37 9.5
Gravidity (395)
 Primigravida 196 49.6
 Multigravida 199 50.4
  1. *farmer, waitress, selling coffee and tea on the street, freelance researcher