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Table 2 Social support tools used, concepts measured and their reliability

From: The relationship between social support and mental health problems during pregnancy: a systematic review and meta-analysis

S. no. Type of Social support tool used Concepts measured Cronbach Alpha
1 The Duke Social Support and Stress Scale (DUSOCS) (12 items) [119] Family and non-family relationships in terms of the amount of social support they provide and number of supportive people 0.74
2 Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) (12 items) [120] The subjective adequacy of emotional and instrumental social support from three different sources (family, friends, and partner) 0.83
3 Kuesioner Dukungan Sosial (KDS) (24 item) [121] Support from husband, extended families from both sides, environmental support, mother's preparedness, and traditional rituals 0.788
4 Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Survey (MOS-SSS) (7 items) [35] Perceived emotional and instrumental support from one’s social network 0.88
5 Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Survey (MOS-SSS) (19 items) [35] Perceived emotional/informational support, tangible support, affectionate support, and positive social interaction 0.97
6 Oslo Social Support Scale(OSSS-3 item) [122] Support received from husband, parents, and parents-in-law 0.88
7 Close Person Questionnaire (CPQ) [123] Emotional support, practical support, and negative aspects of the relationship 0.85
8 Partner social support Scale (PSSS) [124] Support received from a partner (emotional, instrumental and being dependent on partner) 0.89
9 Prenatal Psychosocial Profile (PPP) [125] Social support from partner and others 0.71
10 Arizona Social Support Interview (ASSI) [126] Availability of support from social network/family: instrumental, emotional, informative, normative, and companionship 0.7
11 Maternal Social Support Index (MSSI) (18 items) [127] Support received from family, friend, and her feeling about the support. Also, the support received on routine home duties (watching children, doing other activities) 0.81
12 Modified Kendler Social support interview (MKSSI) (27 items) [128] Emotional and instrumental support 0.68
13 Social Support rating scale (SSRS) (10 items) [129] Objective support, subjective support, and support seeking behavior 0.76
14 Social provision Scale (SPS) (24 items) [130] Intimacy, social integration, a reassurance of worth, and support from friends, family members, coworkers, community members, and so on 0.81
15 Social support Questionnaire (12 items) [131] Emotional support, instrumental support, social integration and measure perceptions of social support and satisfaction with that social support 0.81
16 Social support Questionnaire-6 (SSQ-6 item) [132] Availability of social support/number of supporters (SSQ-Network) and satisfaction with social support (SSQ-Satisfaction) 0.83
17 F-SozU K-14 (Fragebogen zur Sozialen Unterst€utzung; Social Support Questionnaire) (14 items) [133] The perceived or anticipated emotional and instrumental support from one’s social environment 0.94
18 Interpersonal support Evaluation list (ISEL) (40 items) [134] Perceived availability of aspects of social support like emotional, belonging, tangible, and self-esteem 0.74
19 Personal resource questionnaire (PRQ-85) (85 items) [135] Assessment of the number of resources a person can count across life situations and a person's satisfaction with these resources 0.84
20 Perceived Social Support (PSS) (25 items) [136] Social support from partner, friend, relatives, and co-worker 0.75
21 Social relationship Scale (SRS) [137] Perceived availability of emotional and material support 0.87
22 Maternal social Support Scale (MSSS) (6 items) [138] Level of perceived support from family, friends, and husband 0.74