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Table 4 Population-weighted estimates of the proportion of affirmative responses to questions related to patient-centered SAC by region (n = 944)

From: Professionalism, stigma, and willingness to provide patient-centered safe abortion counseling and care: a mixed methods study of Ethiopian midwives

  Addis Ababa Amhara Oromia SNNP Tigray Total
Professionalism       
 It is the professional duty of midwives to provide SAC (agree or strongly agree) 36%
[35, 36]
51%
[37, 64]
50%
[40, 59]
48%
[40, 56]
80%
[67, 88]
50%
[45, 55]
 SAC access is good thing (agree or strongly agree) 66%
[59, 72]
84%
[79, 88]
72%
[60, 81]
78%
[70, 85]
89%
[86, 91]
77%
[72, 80]
 SAC refusal risks mother’s life (agree or strongly agree) 46%
[44, 47]
57%
[45, 68]
54%
[42, 65]
58%
[50, 67]
81%
[78, 83]
57%
[52, 61]
Women will die without SAC (agree or strongly agree) 83%
[74, 90]
77%
[71, 82]
76%
[63, 86]
82%
[76, 87]
71%
[59, 81]
79%
[74, 83]
 Midwives providing SAC make a positive contribution (agree or strongly agree) 66%
[64, 68]
78%
[71, 84]
71%
[57, 82]
76%
[69, 81]
93%
[91, 95]
75%
[71, 79]
Measures of respectful care       
 Willing to provide SAC 38%
[8, 82]
52%
[41, 62]
60%
[50, 70]
51%
[40, 62]
79%
[71, 85]
54%
[45, 63]
 Midwives should refuse adolescent asking for SAC (agree or strongly agree) 52%
[42, 62]
66%
[57, 74]
24%
[16, 34]
61%
[48, 72]
53%
[36, 70]
50%
[44, 55]
 Midwives should be allowed SAC refusal (agree or strongly agree) 71%
[69, 73]
58%
[51, 64]
53%
[41, 64]
65%
[61, 69]
55%
[46, 63]
60%
[56, 64]
Attitudes towards women having abortion       
 A woman who has had an intentional abortion cannot be trusted (unsure, agree, or strongly agree)a 40% [21, 61] 31%
[23, 40]
29%
[22, 37]
49%
[39, 59]
34%
[32, 36]
36%
[31, 42]
 A woman who has an abortion is committing a sin (unsure, agree, or strongly agree)a 59%
[42, 75]
73%
[69, 77]
41%
[33, 50]
65%
[33, 50]
42%
[34, 51]
57%
[52, 62]
 Once a woman starts an intentional abortion, she will make it a habit (unsure, agree, or strongly agree)a 45%
[45]
35%
[29, 42]
31%
[25, 37]
51%
[46, 57]
35%
[18, 58]
39%
[37, 42]
 A woman who has had an intentional abortion might encourage other women to do so (unsure, agree, or strongly agree)a 49%
[40, 58]
48%
[40, 55]
39%
[30, 49]
61%
[51, 70]
47%
[40, 53]
49%
[45, 53]
 Not willing to provide because believe women make unjustified requests for SACb 7%
[2, 22]
14%
[7, 24]
6%
[3, 11]
12%
[5, 27]
24%
[9, 50]
11%
[7, 17]
 Not willing to provide because feel inadequately trainedb 33%
[14, 61]
25%
[16, 37]
44%
[34, 54]
40%
[30, 51]
53%
[52, 55]
38%
[32, 46]
 Not willing to provide because believe abortion is a sinb 54%
[28, 78]
56%
[40, 71]
32%
[23, 43]
37%
[31, 44]
13%
[7, 22]
40%
[32, 49]
  1. 95% CIs for survey-weighted estimated percentages reported in brackets
  2. aThese items are from the SABAS[49], an instrument with Likert scale response categories ranging from 1 (strongly disagree) to 5 (strongly agree). Because disagreement is considered as less stigmatizing for these SABAS questions, researchers are usually conservative in assigning ambiguous responses to the disagree category in order to avoid overstating the lack of stigma in respondents. Therefore, when this scale has been dichotomized in past studies, unsure responses have been categorized as affirmative as they do not indicate disagreement with stigmatizing statements [38, 58]. We have followed this convention
  3. bn = 617