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Table 4 Factors associated with intensity of continuum of care among fixed cohort of women in Ethiopia

From: Continuum of maternity care among rural women in Ethiopia: does place and frequency of antenatal care visit matter?

Background characteristics   Crude IRR (95% CI) Adjusted IRR (95% CI)
Adherence to recommendation of MOH to ANC No Ref Ref
Yes 1.29 (1.26, 1.33) 1.28 (1.24, 1.32)
Exposure to HEP No Ref Ref
Yes 1.11 (1.07, 1.15) 1.22 (1.16, 1.28)
Age   1.00 (0.99, 1.00) 1.01 (1.00, 1.01)
Women education No formal education Ref Ref
Have formal education 1.09 (1.07, 1.12) 1.05 (1.02, 1.08)
MHS awareness by husband and wife at HP Both are not aware for all MHS Ref Ref
At least one of them aware 1.01 (0.96, 1.05) 1.06 (1.00, 1.12)
Both are aware for all MHS 0.94 (0.89, 0.98) 0.96 (0.96, 1.08)
Told at least one danger sign No Ref Ref
Yes 1.17 (1.14, 1.19) 1.14 (1.11, 1.18)
The second youngest child place of delivery Home or other place Ref Ref
Health institution 1.18 (1.15, 1.22) 1.16 (1.13, 1.20)
Wealth index Lower quintile Ref Ref
Middle quintile 0.94 (0.91, 0.97) 0.91 (0.88, 0.95)
Higher quintile 1.03 (1.00, 1.06) 0.96 (0.92, 1.01)
Family size  ≤4 peoples Ref Ref
5–8 peoples 0.97 (0.95, 0.99) 1.01 (0.97, 1.05)
≥ 9 peoples 0.88 (0.84, 0.92) 1.02 (0.96, 1.08)
Head of HH Husband headed HH Ref Ref
Wife headed HH 1.04 (0.98, 1.09) 0.97 (0.91, 1.03)
Number of medical equipment 1.01 (1.00, 1.01) 1.01 (1.01, 1.02)
Media Have no TV or Radio Ref Ref
Have TV or Radio 1.06 (1.04, 1.09) 1.01 (0.98, 1.05)
Livelihood Pastoralist Ref Ref
Agrarian 1.31 (1.19, 1.42) 1.17 (1.06, 1.29)
Human resource at the HP Have level 3 and below HEWs Ref Ref
Have at least one level 4 HEW 0.95 (0.93, 0.97) 0.93 (0.90, 0.95)
Accessed health facility Accessed other HF Ref Ref
Accessed HP/HEW 1.13 (1.07, 1.18) 0.94 (0.87, 1.01)
Inflate variables*
Age    0.90 ( 0.87, 0.94)
Women education No formal education   Ref
Have formal education   1.89 (2.12, 4.73)
Head of HH Husband headed HH   Ref
Wife headed HH   0.84 (0.19, 3.67)
  1. CI confidence interval, HH Household, HEP health extension program, HP health post, MHS maternal health services; HF health facility, HEW health extension worker, TV television, HEWs health extension worker
  2. *Inflate variables are variables that increases the probability of taking no services. They are selected based on literatures.