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Table 3 Multivariable multilevel logistic regression analysis of factors associated with optimal ANC visit in Ethiopia, EMDHS 2019

From: Determinants of optimal antenatal care visit among pregnant women in Ethiopia: a multilevel analysis of Ethiopian mini demographic health survey 2019 data

Variables Model 2 AOR (95% CI) Model 3AOR (95% CI) Model 4AOR (95% CI)
Individual-level factors
Age    
 < 20 1.00   1.00
 20–34 1.13 (0.95–1.33)   1.09 (0.92–1.29)
 35–49 0.53 (0.15–1.92)   0.44 (0.12–1.62)
Education    
 No education 1.00   1.00
 Primary 1.69 (1.39–2.05)   1.70 (1.41–2.06)***
 Secondary 2.91 (2.12–3.98)   2.94 (2.15–4.03)***
 Higher 4.02 (2.63–6.12)   3.99 (2.62–6.09)***
Wealth index    
 Poorest 1.00   1.00
 Poorer 1.85 (1.43–2.39)   1.63 (1.26–2.11)***
 Middle 1.87 (1.41–2.47)   1.61 (1.21–2.12)**
 Richer 2.41 (1.79–3.24)   2.09 (1.56–2.82)***
 Richest 2.75(1.87–4.05)   1.78 (1.17–2.72)**
Having TV    
 No 1.00   1.00
 Yes 2.23 (1.59–3.12)   1.98 (1.41–2.79)***
Household size    
 < 5 1.00   1.00
 5–10 0.81 (0.67–0.98)   0.81 (0.67–0.99)**
 > 10 0.36 (0.22–0.61)   0.37 (0.22–0.61)***
Community-level factors
Residence    
 Urban   1.00 1.00
 Rural   0.27 (0.19–0.38) 0.58 (0.41–0.83)**
 Region    
 Addis Ababa   1.00 1.00
 Tigray   0.89 (0.45–1.79) 1.19 (0.62–2.28)
 Afar   0.16 (0.08–0.33) 0.39 (0.20–0.76)**
 Amhara   0.59 (0.30–1.14) 0.89 (0.48–1.69)
 Oromia   0.37 (0.19–0.72) 0.53 (0.29–0.99)*
Somali   0.03 (0.02–0.07) 0.09 (0.04–0.19)***
 Benishangul Gumz   0.63 (0.31–1.26) 0.99 (0.52–1.92)
 SNNPR   0.25 (0.13–0.48) 0.34 (0.18–0.65)**
 Gambela   0.18 (0.09–0.36) 0.26(0.12–0.46)***
 Harari   0.24 (0.12–0.47) 0.25 (0.14–0.47)***
 Dire Dawa   0.55 (0.28–1.07) 0.74 (0.39–1.39)
  1. AOR adjusted odds ratio, CI confidence interval, 1.00 = reference *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01, ***P < 0.001