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Table 3 Probable depression (PHQ ≥ 10) rates stratified by participant characteristics

From: Prevalence of stress and depression and associated factors among women seeking a first-trimester induced abortion in China: a cross-sectional study

Variables Probable depression n (%) F/χ2 (p value)
Demographic information   
 Age   4.41 (0.110)
  ≤ 24 10 (27.0)  
  25–34 30 (27.3)  
  ≥ 35 17 (16.0)  
 Marital status   3.24 (0.072)
  Unmarried 26 (28.9)  
  Legally married 31 (19.0)  
 Education   5.12 (0.024)
  ≤ 12 years 1 (4.2)  
  > 12 years 56 (24.5)  
 Religion   0.00 (1.000)
  Atheist 57 (22.7)  
  Others 0 (0)  
 Monthly income (RMB)   1.99 (0.369)
  < 1000 1 (10.0)  
  1000–10,000 25 (20.3)  
  > 10,000 31 (25.8)  
 Household registration   16.24 (0.000)
  Local 15 (11.9)  
  Non-local 42 (33.1)  
 Pre-existing physical condition   0.00 (1.000)
  Yes 2 (25.0)  
  No 55 (22.4)  
Reproductive history   
 Parity   5.07 (0.079)
  1 23 (29.9)  
  2 16 (24.6)  
  ≥ 3 18 (16.2)  
 Previous abortion   2.20 (0.138)
  Yes 21 (18.3)  
  No 36 (26.1)  
 Existing child (ren)   2.34 (0.135)
  No 32 (26.7)  
  Yes 25 (18.8)  
Current status   
 Gestation weeks   0.20 (0.650)
  < 9 weeks 48 (23.1)  
  ≥ 9–12 9 (20.0)  
 Pregnancy intention   2.36 (0.125)
  Unintended 53 (24.1)  
  Intended 4 (12.1)  
 Abortion reason   0.56 (0.756)
  Health-related reasons 19 (20.4)  
  Social-related reasons 33 (23.2)  
  Both 5 (27.8)  
 Opinion about abortion   2.43 (0.119)
  Pro-choice 48 (21.1)  
  Situationist or pro-life 9 (34.6)  
 Parenthood plan   3.63 (0.163)
  Yes 11 (31.4)  
  Current no, but yes in 2 years 19 (32.2)  
  No 34 (21.4)  
 Contraception   0.00 (0.972)
  Yes 47 (22.5)  
  No 10 (22.7)  
 Domestic violence   0.00 (1.000)
  No 55 (22.4)  
  Yes 2 (28.6)  
 Notable intimate relationship dissatisfaction   6.70 (0.10)
  Yes 29 (31.5)  
  No 28 (17.4)  
 Low social support   7.95 (0.005)
  Yes 29 (32.6)  
  No 28 (17.1)  
 Low resilience   8.25 (0.004)
  Yes 11 (45.8)  
  No 46 (20.1)  
 High perceived stress   84.67 (0.000)
  Yes 41 (64.1)  
  No 16 (8.5)  
  1. Note: Bold means p < 0.05