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Table 3 Theory of planned behavior variables and self-efficacy related to depression management during the preconception period for healthy pregnancy outcomes (N = 822)

From: Intentions of preventive depression management for a healthy pregnancy by gender among unmarried college students in Korea: a cross-sectional study

For management of depression during the preconception period Total Women
(n = 476)
Men
(n = 346)
95% CI t(p)
Mean (SD) Lower Upper
TPB variables (strongly disagree: 1, strongly agree: 5)
Attitude 16.78 (2.02) 16.75 (1.97) 16.82 (2.08) − 0.21 0.35 0.51
(0.613)
Subjective norms 14.26 (3.11) 13.87 (3.13) 14.79 (3.00) 0.50 1.35 4.25
(< 0.001)
Perceived behavioral control 12.88 (2.61) 12.25 (2.54) 13.74 (2.47) 1.14 1.84 8.40
(< 0.001)
Intentions 23.14 (3.47) 22.90 (3.34) 23.47 (3.62) 0.10 1.06 2.36
(0.019)
Self-efficacy
(strongly disagree: 1, strongly agree: 4)
14.93 (2.28) 14.97 (2.23) 14.89 (2.33) − 0.40 0.23 − 0.51
(0.614)
  1. SD standard deviation; CI confidence interval