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Table 4 Logistic regression analysis on the association between sexual autonomy and IPV among women in sub-Saharan Africa

From: Intimate partner violence against married and cohabiting women in sub-Saharan Africa: does sexual autonomy matter?

Countries Model I Model II
OR [95%CI] aOR [95%CI]
All countries 1.38*** [1.31–1.44] 1.28*** [1.22–1.35]
Central Africa
 Angola 1.64*** [1.46–1.83] 1.65*** [1.45–1.86]
 Cameroon 1.51*** [1.29–1.76] 1.24* [1.05–1.46]
 Chad 2.09*** [1.73–2.51] 1.89*** [1.55–2.30]
 Congo DR 1.10 [0.96–1.25] 1.09 [0.95–1.23]
 Gabon 1.97*** [1.54–2.53] 1.84*** [1.42–2.39]
West Africa
 Burkina Faso 1.14* [1.01–1.28] 1.09 [0.97–1.23]
 Cote d’lvoire 1.66*** [1.44–1.91] 1.61*** [1.39–1.87]
 Gambia 1.54*** [1.31–1.81] 1.58*** [1.33–1.87]
 Mali 1.26** [1.09–1.46] 1.19* [1.02–1.39]
 Nigeria 1.14** [1.04–1.26] 1.17** [1.05–1.31]
 Sierra Leone 1.14 [0.99–1.32] 1.03 [0.88–1.19]
 Togo 0.84* [0.73–0.98] 0.95 [0.81–1.11]
East Africa
 Burundi 0.78*** [0.69–0.88] 0.83** [0.73–0.94]
 Comoros 1.54* [1.11–2.16] 1.49* [1.06–2.10]
 Ethiopia 0.98 [0.85–1.12] 1.06 [0.92–1.23]
 Kenya 1.63*** [1.37–1.96] 1.57*** [1.29–1.91]
 Mozambique 1.15 [0.88–1.49] 0.83 [0.63–1.11]
 Rwanda 0.80 [0.52–1.21] 0.82 [0.53–1.27]
 Uganda 0.74** [0.61–0.89] 0.86 [0.70–1.04]
Southern Africa
 Malawi 1.13 [0.97–1.33] 1.15 [0.98–1.35]
 Namibia 0.43* [0.21–0.87] 0.55 [0.26–1.14]
 South Africa 1.94*** [1.38–2.72] 1.88*** [1.32–2.66]
 Zambia 1.20** [1.06–1.36] 1.28*** [1.13–1.45]
 Zimbabwe 1.15 [0.97–1.36] 1.17 [0.99–1.39]
  1. Model1: unadjusted model examining the independent association between sexual autonomy and IPV; Model II: adjusted for age, wealth, educational level, place of residence, marital status, current working status, and media exposure); OR is the odds ratio, aOR is the adjusted odds ratio. Reference categories were no intimate partner violence
  2. *p < 0.05
  3. **p < 0.01
  4. ***p < 0.001