Skip to main content

Table 3 Univariate analysis of factors associated with acceptance of COVID-19 vaccination during pregnancy among pregnant women

From: Acceptance of COVID-19 vaccination during pregnancy among Thai pregnant women and their spouses: a prospective survey

Characteristic Vaccine acceptance Crude OR
Yes No (95% CI)
(n = 104) (n = 67)
Age (years)a 28 (24–33) 29 (23–34)  
Prepregnancy body mass index (kg/m2)    
 < 18.5 16 (15.4) 9 (13.4) Reference
 18.5–24.9 52 (50.0) 30 (44.8) 0.98 (0.38, 2.48)
 25.0–29.9 23 (22.1) 14 (20.9) 0.92 (0.32, 2.65)
 ≥ 30.0 13 (12.5) 14 (20.9) 0.52 (0.17, 1.59)
Gestational age (weeks)a 25 (18–31) 28 (18–31)  
Number of ANC visits    
 1–3 30 (28.9) 21 (31.3) Reference
 4–7 54 (51.9) 34 (50.8) 1.11 (0.55, 2.25)
 ≥ 8 20 (19.2) 12 (17.9) 1.17 (0.47, 2.89)
Number of children    
 0 49 (47.1) 29 (43.3) Reference
 1 44 (42.3) 23 (34.3) 1.13 (0.57, 2.24)
 ≥ 2 11 (10.6) 15 (22.4) 0.43 (0.18, 1.07)
Education (years)    
 Primary education 8 (7.7) 6 (8.9) Reference
 Secondary education 58 (55.8) 39 (58.2) 1.12 (0.36, 3.47)
 College 11 (10.6) 5 (7.5) 1.65 (0.37, 7.37)
 Bachelor’s degree or higher 27 (25.9) 17 (25.4) 1.19 (0.35, 4.04)
Occupation    
 Public officer 14 (13.5) 4 (6.0) 2.68 (0.79, 9.09)
 Business owner 10 (9.6) 7 (10.4) 1.09 (0.37, 3.26)
 Employee 46 (44.2) 30 (44.8) 1.17 (0.59, 2.33)
 Unemployment 34 (32.7) 26 (38.8) Reference
Monthly income    
 < $500 63 (60.6) 43 (64.2) Reference
 $500–$999 36 (34.6) 22 (32.8) 1.12 (0.58, 2.15)
 ≥ $1000 5 (4.8) 2 (3.0) 1.71 (0.32, 9.20)
Public health insurance coverage    
 Yes 96 (92.3) 62 (92.5) 0.97 (0.30, 3.09)
 No 8 (7.7) 5 (7.5) Reference
Any underlying disease    
 Yes 22 (21.2) 21 (31.3) 0.59 (0.29, 1.18)
 No 82 (78.8) 46 (68.7) Reference
History of receiving a seasonal flu this year    
 Yes 27 (26.0) 12 (17.9) 1.61 (0.75, 3.45)
 No 77 (74.0) 55 (82.1) Reference
Having relative(s) who had already received COVID-19 vaccine    
 Yes 61 (58.7) 39 (58.2) 1.02 (0.55, 1.90)
 No 43 (41.3) 28 (41.8) Reference
Having relative(s) with COVID-19 infection    
 Yes 8 (7.7) 1 (1.5) 5.50 (0.67, 45.02)
 No 96 (92.3) 66 (98.5) Reference
Worry about COVID-19 infection    
 Yes 95 (91.3) 53 (79.1) 2.79 (1.13, 6.87)
 No 9 (8.7) 14 (20.9) Reference
Confidence in vaccine safety    
 Yes 56 (53.8) 14 (20.9) 4.42 (2.19, 8.93)
No 48 (46.2) 53 (79.1) Reference
Confidence in vaccine efficacy    
 Yes 59 (56.7) 14 (20.9) 4.96 (2.45, 10.05)
 No 45 (43.3) 53 (79.1) Reference
Having a husband who had already received COVID-19 vaccine    
 Yes 49 (47.1) 27 (40.3) 1.32 (0.71, 2.46)
 No 55 (52.9) 40 (59.7) Reference
Having a husband who favored his wife to be vaccinated for COVID-19 during pregnancy    
 Yes 81 (77.9) 23 (34.3) 6.74 (3.40, 13.36)
 No 23 (22.1) 44 (65.7) Reference
  1. Values are reported as the median (IQR) or n (%)
  2. ANC antenatal care, CI confidence interval, COVID-19 coronavirus disease 2019, OR odds ratio
  3. aP > 0.05 between pregnant women with and without vaccine acceptance