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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of PGDM, GDM, and control groups

From: Evaluation of fetal diaphragm excursion and thickness in term pregnancies complicated with pre-gestational and gestational diabetes mellitus

  GDM group (n = 35) Pre-gestational DM (n = 35) Control group (n = 35) p-value
Maternal age (year) 33.3 ± 6.4a 34.9 ± 5.3a 29.0 ± 5.1b < 0.001
Gravity 3 (2–4) 3 (2–4) 2 (2–4) 0.509
Parity 1 (1–2) 2 (1–2) 1 (1–2) 0.506
Abortion 0 (0–1) 0 (0–1) 0 (0–1) 0.956
Mean gestational age at ultrasound evaluation (week) 37 (37–37.1) 37 (37–37.2) 37 (37–37.2) 0.834
  1. *Different superscripts indicate statistically significant difference