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Table 3 Comparisons of delivery outcomes among groups

From: Evaluation of fetal diaphragm excursion and thickness in term pregnancies complicated with pre-gestational and gestational diabetes mellitus

  GDM group (n = 35) Pre-gestational DM (n = 35) Control group (n = 35) p-value
Fetal weight (g) 3280 (3110–3610) 3370 (2940–3870) 3370 (3050–3520) 0.909
Umblical artery Ph 7.34 ± 0.052 7.33 ± 0.058 7.34 ± 0.055 0.636
Base excess (mmol/lt) − 1.20 (− 1.90–0.80) − 0.50 (− 1.20–0.80) − 0.50 (− 1.20–0.50) 0.302
PO2 (mmHg) 91 (90–94)a 90 (89–92)ab 90 (87–91)b 0.018
PCO2 (mmHg) 45(38.90–47)a 47 (45–50)b 48 (45–50)b 0.007
SO2 (%) 95(92.10–96) 95 (93–96,30) 95 (93–97) 0.959
Lactate (mmol/dl) 0.90 (0.70–1.42) 0.80 (0.60–1.10) 0.80 (0.60–1.10) 0.516
1 min Apgar score 8 (8–8) 8 (8–8) 8 (8–8) 0.368
5 min Apgar score 10 (10–10) 10 (10–10) 10 (10–10) 0.368
NICU admission (n%) 4 (%11)a 6 (%17)a 0 (%0)b 0.045
  1. *Different superscripts indicate statistically significant difference