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Table 1 Description of the included studies to identify the effect of employment status and postnatal care on EBF practice

From: The effect of unemployment and post-natal care on the exclusive breast-feeding practice of women in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Author year Study region Study population (months) Sample size EBF practice in number Factor EBF Quality score
Yes No
Gedefaw and Berhe 2015 [1] Amhara 7–24 144 127 ES Yes 50 41 6
No 72 81
Gebremedhin et al. 2021 [2] Nationwide 0–23 1406 243 ES Yes 212 869 8
No 35 290
Asemahagn 2016 [3] Amhara < 6 332 273 ES Yes 78 31 8
No 184 39
Tewabe et al. 2016 [4] Amhara < 6 405 212 ES Yes 30 52 8
No 173 130
Chekol et al. 2017 [5] Amhara 7–12 649 226 ES Yes 66 250 8
No 160 173
Adugna et al. 2017 [6] SNNP < 6 529 322 ES Yes 114 112 8
No 208 95
Tsegaye et al. 2019 [7] Afar < 6 618 340 ES Yes 61 59 8
No 279 219
Sinshaw et al. 2015 [8] Amhara < 6 803 296 ES Yes 13 33 5
No 76 39
Setegn et al. 2012 [9] Oromia < 6 608 434 ES Yes 3 6 8
No 196 74
Berhe et al. 2013 [10] Tigray < 6 361 196 ES Yes 29 45 5
No 81 26
Alemayehu et al. 2014 [11] Tigray 6–12 418 171 ES Yes 22 32 5
No 152 212
Shifraw et al. 2015 [12] A.A < 6 648 190 ES Yes 45 144 6
No 133 276
Mekuria and Edris 2015 [13] Amhara < 6 413 251 ES Yes 136 111 8
No 115 51
Desalew et al. 2018 [14] Dire Dawa 6–23 704 571 ES Yes 360 98 6
No 211 35
Elyas et al. 2017 [15] A.A < 24 380 168 ES Yes 69 101 8
No 99 111
Ayele 2021 [16] Amhara < 24 408 351 ES Yes 55 86 6
No 200 67
Meberatu et al. 2020 [17] SNNP < 18 209 171 ES Yes 65 8 6
No 104 30
Bekere et al. 2014 [18] Oromia < 6 119 86 ES Yes 15 7 6
No 46 12
Belachew et al. 2018 [19] Amhara < 6 472 408 ES Yes 179 41 8
No 229 23
Abera 2012 [20] Harar < 24 583 207 ES Yes 85 104 8
No 22 88
Tadesse et al. 2019 [21] Somalia 3–5 583 397 ES Yes 28 85 6
No 369 76
Tsegaw et al. 2021 [22] Nationwide < 6 1185 681 ES Yes 275 172 8
No 406 332
Reddy and Abuka 2014 [23] Amhara < 24 347 200 ES Yes 6 32 6
No 194 117
Seid et al. 2013 [24] Amhara < 12 819 412 ES Yes 120 206 6
No 292 201
Mamo et al. 2020 [25] Oromia 6–9 710 464 PNC Yes 337 104 6
No 127 142
Azeze et al. 2019 [26] SNNP 6–12 403 261 PNC Yes 187 73 6
No 74 69
Hussien et al. 2018 [27] Afar < 6 544 PNC Yes 167 78 6
No 309 22
Asefaw et al. 2015 [28] Amhara < 12 634 435 PNC Yes 375 149 8
No 60 50
Biks et al. 2015 [29] Amhara < 6 1769 543 PNC Yes 197 344 8
No 346 882
Asemahagn et al. 2016 [3] Amhara < 6 332 273 PNC Yes 137 25 8
No 125 45
Tadesse et al. 2016 [30] SNNP 0–5 579 305 PNC Yes 204 127 6
No 66 117
Tewabe et al. 2016 [4] Amhara < 6 405 212 PNC Yes 116 81 8
No 87 121
Genetu et al. 2017 [31] Amhara < 6 367 317 PNC Yes 304 43 8
No 13 7
Ayalew 2020 [32] Amhara < 6 400 230 PNC Yes 238 106 8
No 43 13
Sinshaw et al. 2015 [8] Amhara < 6 483 296 PNC Yes 53 31 5
No 36 41
Shifraw et al. 2015 [12] A.A < 6 648 190 PNC Yes 154 278 6
No 32 168
Mekuria and Edris 2015 [13] Amhara < 6 413 251 PNC Yes 199 79 8
No 52 83
Fufa et al. 2021 [33] Oromia < 6 542 384 PNC Yes 221 117 6
No 179 48
Beyene et al. 2019 [34] Afar < 6 465 301 PNC Yes 181 87 6
No 119 78
Hunegnaw et al. 2017 [35] Amhara < 12 478 354 PNC Yes 290 75 8
No 68 45
Hoche et al. 2017 [36] SNNP 6–12 634 549 PNC Yes 181 19 8
No 368 66
Arage and Gedamu 2016 [37] Amhara 6–12 453/470 321 PNC Yes 251 73 6
No 83 46
Ayele 2021 [16] Amhara < 24 408 351 PNC Yes 227 85 6
No 28 68
Meberatu et al. 2020 [17] SNNP < 18 209 207 PNC Yes 151 27 6
No 18 11
Kelkay et al. 2020 [38] Amhara 6–9 344 187 PNC Yes 192 37 6
No 78 37
Sefene et al. 2013 [39] Amhara < 6 159 78 PNC Yes 27 19 5
No 51 62
Tsegaw et al. 2021 [22] Nationwide < 6 1185 555 PNC Yes 35 39 8
No 646 465
Lenja et al. 2016 [40] SNNP < 6 396 309 PNC Yes 188 33 8
No 121 54
Kebede et al. 2020 [41] Oromia 6–24 313 237 PNC Yes 73 30 8
No 164 46
Hagos and Tadesse 2020 [42] SNNP < 6 584 514 PNC Yes 308 32 8
No 204 37
  1. SNNP: Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples; AA: Addis Ababa; PNC: Post-natal Care; ES: Employment Status; EBF: Exclusive Breast Feeding