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Table 1 The comparisons of RHPAS scores in terms of sociodemographic features and general health status (n = 306)

From: Effects of the pandemic on women’s reproductive health protective attitudes: a Turkish sample

  n (%) RHPAS Significance
\(\overline{\mathrm{X} }\) ± SS
Age
 Younger than  25 years 88 (28.8) 140.9 ± 22.7 F = 0.083
p = 0.921
 25–35 years 73 (33.9) 139.9 ± 19.4
 Older than 35 years 145 (47.4) 141.1 ± 19.8
Education
 Illiterate 10 (3.3) 125.7 ± 13.6 *F = 7.276
p = 0.000
 Primary education 66 (21.6) 132.8 ± 20.5
 High school 49 (16.0) 145.7 ± 17.2
 University and a higher education level 181 (59.2) 143.1 ± 20.6
Employment
 Paid job 124 (40.5) 146.0 ± 18.2 **t = 3.805
p = 0.000
 Unpaid job 182 (59.5) 137.1 ± 21.3
Income
 Lower than expenses 78 (25.5) 131.5 ± 20.2 F = 11.795
p = 0.000
 Equal to expenses 154 (50.3) 143.0 ± 20.4
 Higher than expenses 74 (24.2) 145.7 ± 18.2
Health insurance
 Yes 242 (79.1) 143.1 ± 20.7 t = 3.911
p = 0.000
 No 64 (20.9) 132.0 ± 17.2
Smoking
 Smoker 45 (14.7) 140.1 ± 20.8 F = 2.866
p = 0.058
 Ex-smoker 13 (4.2) 154.0 ± 19.6
 Nonsmoker 243(81.1) 140.3 ± 18.4
Perceived health status
 Very good 16 (5.2) 148.5 ± 21.7 F = 7.184
p = 0.000
 Good 162 (52.9) 144.6 ± 19.2
 Moderate 122 (39.9) 135.5 ± 20.8
 Poor 6 (2) 123.3 ± 14.1
Presence of chronic diseases
 Yes 56 (18.3) 139.5 ± 21.6 t = − 0.519
 No 250(81.7) 141.0 ± 20.3 p = 0.619
  1. RHPAS: Determination of Married Women’s Reproductive Health Protective Attitudes Scale
  2. *F = ANOVA test, **t = Independent Groups t-test