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Table 2 Comparison of antenatal care data between indigenous adolescents and nonindigenous adolescents, indigenous adult women, and nonindigenous adult women

From: Pregnancy and childbirth outcomes among indigenous adolescents in Guatemala: a cohort study

Antenatal care data Adolescents (10–19y) Adult women (> 19y) Total
Indigenous (1) Nonindigenous (2) (1) vs. (2) Indigenous (3) (1) vs. (3) Nonindigenous (4) (1) vs. (4)
n (%) n (%) p-value n (%) p-value n (%) p-value
819 (10.18) 813 (10.10) 3324 (41.30) 3092 (38.42) 8048
Iron supplementationa 0.784   0.288   0.758 7503
 No 79 (10.53) 85 (10.97)   284 (9.26)   320 (10.93)   
 Yes 671 (89.47) 690 (89.03)   2782 (90.74)   2609 (89.07)   
 Missing 69 55   258   163   545
Folate supplementationa 0.174   0.175   0.310 7336
 No 103 (13.96) 88 (11.61)   363 (12.12)   359 (12.55)   
 Yes 635 (86.04) 670 (88.39)   2633 (87.88)   2487 (87.45)   
 Missing 81 55   328   248   712
Assessment of Bacteriuria (after 20w)a 0.079   0.234   0.083 7871
 Normal 48 (5.96) 67 (8.34)   249 (7.60)   244 (8.01)   
 Abnormal 13 (1.61) 7 (0.87)   62 (1.89)   34 (1.12)   
 Not done 744 (92.42) 729 (90.78)   2966 (90.51)   2768 (90.87)   
 Missing 14 10   47   46   177
Syphilis—non-treponemic test (after 20w)a 0.519   0.410   0.019 8041
 Negative 629 (76.89) 636 (78.23)   2481 (74.75)   2496 (80.75)   
 Positive 0 (0) 0 (0)   2 (0.06)   6 (0.19)   
 Unknown 189 (23.11) 177 (21.77)   836 (25.19))   589 (19.06)   
 Missing 1 0   5   1   7
Number of ANC visitsa 0.051   0.086   < 0.001 5798
 0 213 (34.58) 166 (28.72)   941 (38.30)   575 (26.78)   
 1–3 234 (37.99) 236 (40.83)   873 (35.53)   824 (38.38)   
 4–7 133 (21.59) 151 (26.12)   545 (22.18)   636 (29.62)   
 ≥ 8 36 (5.84) 25 (4.33)   98 (3.99)   112 (5.22)   
 Missing 203 235   867   945   2250
Preeclampsiaa 0.784   0.364   0.147 8048
 No 812 (99.15) 805 (99.02)   3283 (98.77)   3045 (98.48)   
 Yes 7 (0.85) 8 (0.98)   41 (1.23)   47 (1.52)   
Eclampsiab 1.000   0.082   0.509 8048
 No 815 (99.51) 809 (99.51)   3319 (99.85)   3082 (99.68)   
 Yes 4 (0.49) 4 (0.49)   5 (0.15)   10 (0.32)   
1st trimester hemorrhageb 1.000   0.463   0.407 8044
 No 816 (99.63) 810 (99.75)   3315 (99.76)   3084 (99.81)   
 Yes 3 (0.37) 2 (0.25)   8 (0.24)   6 (0.19)   
 Missing 0 1   1   2   4
2nd trimester hemorrhageb 1.000   0.357   0.506 8041
 No 818 (99.88) 813 (100)   3318 (99.97)   3088 (99.94)   
 Yes 1 (0.12) 0 (0)   1 (0.03)   2 (0.06)   
 Missing 0 0   5   2   7
Multiple pregnancya 0.801   0.704   0.536 7974
 No 793 (98.88) 797 (99.01)   3230 (98.75)   3013 (99.01)   
 Yes 9 (1.12) 8 (0.99)   106 (3.19)   30 (0.99)   
 Missing 17 8   0   49   74
  1. The reference group is always indigenous adolescents (Group 1)
  2. ANC antenatal care, w weeks
  3. Analyzed with: aChi square test, bFisher’s Exact test